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Sense: 1,3,7
Date: 1400-1500
Language: French
Origin: banque, from Old Italian banca 'long seat, bank'
Sense: 2,4,6,8
Date: 1100-1200
Origin: Probably from a Scandinavian language.
Sense: 5
Date: 1200-1300
Language: Old French
Origin: banc 'long seat'

bank

1 noun
     
Related topics: Banking, Gambling, Nature, Geography
bank1 S1 W1 [countable]
1

place for money

a) BFB a business that keeps and lends money and provides other financial services
in the bank
We have very little money in the bank.
Barclays Bank
b) BFB a local office of a bank:
I have to go to the bank at lunch time.
clearing bank, merchant bank
2

river/lake

DN land along the side of a river or lake
bank of
the banks of the River Dee
the river bank
3

blood/sperm/organ bank

a place where human blood etc is stored until someone needs it
4DN

clouds/mist

a large mass of clouds, mist etc:
bank of
banks of mist
5

raised area

DN a large sloping mass of earth, sand, snow etc:
She was sitting on a grassy bank.
bank of
steep banks of snow
banks of flowers
6

machines

a large number of machines, television screens etc arranged close together in a row
bank of
banks of TV monitors
7

game

DGG a supply of money used to gamble, that people can win

➔ break the bank

at break1 (24)
8

be makin' bank

American English spoken informal to earn a lot of money for the work that you do:
Check out Omar's new car. The brother must be makin' bank.
9

road

TTR a slope made at a bend in a road or racetrack to make it safer for cars to go around

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