Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1600-1700
Origin: bloat 'to swell' (17-21 centuries), from bloat 'swollen' (17-19 centuries), perhaps from Old Norse blautr 'soft, swollen with liquid'

bloated

adjective
     
bloat‧ed
1 full of liquid, gas, food etc, so that you look or feel much larger than normal:
a red bloated face
I feel really bloated after that meal.
2 if you describe an organization as bloated, you mean that it is too big and does not work effectively:
the bloated state bureaucracy

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