Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

by

2 adverb
     
by2 S1 W1
1 past someone or something:
As I was standing on the platform, the Liverpool train went whizzing by.
James walked by without even looking in my direction.
2 used to say that time passes:
As the summer days slipped by, it was easy to forget about the war.
Ten years had gone by since I had last seen Marilyn.
3 beside or near someone or something:
A crowd of people were standing by, waiting for an announcement.
4 in order to visit a person or place for a short time:
Why don't you stop by for a drink after work?
5

by and large

used when making a general statement:
By and large, the new arrangements have worked well.
6

by and by

old use soon:
She will be better by and by.

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