Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1100-1200
Language: Old Norse
Origin: kalla

call

1 verb
     
call
Related topics: Sport
call1 S1 W1
1

telephone

[intransitive and transitive] to telephone someone:
She calls her father every couple of days.
I'll call you soon.
What time did Tony call?
call a doctor/the police/a cab etc (=telephone someone and ask them to come to you)
I think we should call a doctor.
I'm gonna call the cops!
2

describe

[transitive] to use a word or name to describe someone or something in a particular way
call somebody something
Are you calling me a liar?
You may call it harmless fun, but I call it pornography.
call somebody names (=use insulting names for someone)
The other kids used to call me names, but I tried to ignore them.
3

have a name

[transitive] to have a particular name or title, or use a particular name or title for someone or something
be called something
Our son is called Matthew.
The arrow that appears on the screen is called a cursor.
call somebody something
My name's Virginia, but my friends call me Ginny.
Do you want to be called Miss or Ms?
call somebody by something
I prefer to be called by my middle name.
4

give somebody/something a name

[transitive] especially British English to give someone or something the name they will be known by in the future [= name American English]
What are you going to call the new puppy?
call somebody something
They've decided to call the baby Louise.
5

ask/order by speaking

[transitive] to ask or order someone to come to you
call somebody into/over/across etc
Peter called the waitress over and ordered a large brandy.
Marcie was called up to the principal's office.
6

arrange

[transitive] to arrange for something to happen at a particular time
call a meeting/strike/election etc
The Security Council has called an emergency session to discuss the crisis.
According to the law, the election must be called within the next two months.
7

say/shout

[intransitive and transitive] to say or shout something loudly so that someone can hear you:
I heard someone calling in the distance.
'I'm coming!' she called down the stairs.
Sheila was just sneaking out when her mother called her.
She heard him call her name.
8

call yourself something

to say that you are a particular type of person, although you do nothing to show this is true:
How could Julian call himself a friend and then let me down so badly?
9

call the shots/tune

informal to be in a position of authority so that you can give orders and make decisions:
It was a job in which she was able to call the shots.
10

call it a day

informal to decide to stop working, especially because you have done enough or you are tired:
Come on, let's call it a day and go home.
11

call collect

American EnglishTCT to make a telephone call that is paid for by the person who receives it [= reverse the charges British English]
12

read names

[transitive] also call out to read names or numbers in a loud voice in order to get someone's attention:
When I call your name, go and stand in line.
13

court

[transitive usually passive] to tell someone that they must come to a law court or official committee
call somebody to do something
They were called to give evidence at the trial.
14

call (something) into question

to make people uncertain about whether something is right, good, or true:
I feel that my competence is being called into question here.
15

be/feel called to do something

to feel strongly that you should do something:
He felt called to write to all his fellow investors, warning them of the impending crisis.
16

call somebody/something to order

formalTC to tell people to obey the rules of a formal meeting
17

visit

[intransitive] also call round British English to stop at a house or other place for a short time to see someone or do something:
She called round for a chat.
call on somebody
Let's call on James on the way home.
call (in) at something
I regularly called in at his office for news.
call into something
People often call into the library while they're out shopping.
18

call it £10/2 hours etc

spoken used to suggest a general figure rather than a more specific one, especially in order to make things simpler:
'I owe you £10.20.' 'Oh, call it £10!'
19

call it a draw

if two opponents in a game call it a draw, they agree that neither of them has won

➔ call it quits

at quits (2)
20

call it/things even

spoken use this to say that someone who owes you something does not have to give you anything more than they have already given you
21

call (somebody's) attention to

a) to ask people to pay attention to a particular subject or problem:
May I call your attention to item seven on the agenda.
b) to make someone notice someone or something:
I wanted to shout out to Ken, but I didn't want to call attention to myself.
22

call something to mind

a) to remind you of something:
Don't those two call to mind the days when we were courting?
b) to remember something:
I couldn't call to mind where I'd seen him before.
23

call a huddle

American English informal to make people come together to talk about something
24

call time (on somebody/something)

to say that it is time for something to finish or stop
25

trains/ships

[intransitive]TTT if a train, ship, bus etc calls at a place, it stops there for a short time [= stop]:
This train calls at all stations to Broxbourne.
26

coin

[intransitive and transitive]DS to guess which side of a coin will land upwards when it is thrown in the air, in order to decide who will play first in a game:
It's your turn to call.
27

card game

[intransitive and transitive] to risk the same amount of money as the player who plays before you in a poker game
so-called

; ➔ call somebody's bluff

at bluff2 (2)

➔ too close to call

at close2 (8)

call back

phrasal verb
1

call (somebody) back

to telephone someone again, for example because they were not at home when you telephoned last time:
I'll call back later.
Can you ask John to call me back when he gets in?
2 British English to return to a place you went to earlier:
You could call back to collect her at noon.

call by

phrasal verb
to stop and visit someone when you are near the place where they live or work:
I thought I'd call by and see how you were.

call down something

phrasal verb
formal to ask for someone, especially a god, to make something unpleasant happen to someone or something
call down something on/upon
He called down vengeance on them.

call for somebody/something

phrasal verb
1 if a group of people calls for something, they ask publicly for something to be done:
Human Rights groups are calling for the release of political prisoners.
2 to need or deserve a particular type of behaviour or treatment:
Dealing with children who are so damaged calls for immense tact and sensitivity.
That kind of abuse is really not called for (=it is unnecessary and unwelcome).
uncalled for
3 British English to meet someone at their home in order to take them somewhere:
I'll call for you at 8 o'clock.
4 American English to say that a particular kind of weather is likely to happen [= predict]:
The forecast calls for more rain.

call something ↔ forth

phrasal verb
formal to produce a particular reaction:
Great works of classical music can often call forth a mixture of responses from the listener.

call in

phrasal verb
1

call somebody/something ↔ in

to ask someone to come and help you with a difficult situation:
The government then called in troops to deal with the disturbances.
2 to telephone somewhere, especially the place where you work, to tell them where you are, what you are doing etc:
Rachael called in sick (=telephoned to say she was too ill to come to work).
3 to telephone a radio or television show to give your opinion or to ask a question:
Over 2000 viewers called in with complaints about the bad language used in the programme.
4

call in a loan/debt

to officially tell someone to pay back money you lent them:
The bank can call in the loan at any time.
5 British English to visit a person or place while you are on your way to somewhere else
call in on/at
Could you call in on Mum on your way home?

call somebody/something ↔ off

phrasal verb
1 to decide that a planned event will not take place [= cancel]:
The trip to Italy might be called off.
2 to officially decide that something should be stopped after it has already started:
Rescuers had to call off the search because of worsening weather conditions.
3 to order an animal or person to stop attacking or threatening someone:
Call your dog off.

call on/upon somebody/something

phrasal verb
1 to formally ask someone to do something
call on somebody to do something
The UN has called on both sides to observe the ceasefire.
2 to visit someone for a short time:
Why don't you call on my sister when you're in Brighton?

call out

phrasal verb
1 to say something loudly
call something ↔ out
'Hi there!' I called out.
call out to
The firemen called out to him.
2

call somebody ↔ out

to ask or order a person or an organization to help, especially in a difficult or dangerous situation:
The army was called out to help fight fires.
3

call somebody/something ↔ out

British English to order workers to go on strike:
The transport workers were called out.

call up

phrasal verb
1 informal especially American English to telephone someone
call somebody ↔ up
He called me up to tell me about it.
I'm going to call up and cancel my subscription.
2TDTD

call something ↔ up

if you call up information on a computer, you make the computer show it to you:
I called up their website, but it didn't have the information I was looking for.
3PM

call somebody ↔ up

British English to officially order someone to join the army, navy, or air force [= draft American English]
I was called up three months after war broke out.
4DS

call somebody ↔ up

to choose someone for a national sports team [↪ call-up]:
Hurst was called up for the game against Mexico.
5

call something ↔ up

to produce something or make it appear:
She can call up the spirits of the dead.
WORD CHOICE: WORD CHOICE:

call, phone, telephone, ring
In spoken English, it is usual to say that you call or phone someone He calls me almost every day. Phone me when you get there. In spoken British English, it is also very usual to say that you ring someone Have you rung Kim yet? It is fairly formal and not very usual in spoken English to say that you telephone someone.!! Do not say that you 'call to' someone I called him (NOT called to him) to let him know.!! There is no verb 'phone call' I need to call (NOT to phone call) Monica. You can also say that you give someone a (phone) call or, in British English, give them a ring Give me a call sometime. I think I'll give Mum a ring.!! Do not say 'give someone a phone'.

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