Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1400-1500
Language: Medieval Latin
Origin: casualitas 'chance, bad luck, loss', from Late Latin casualis; CASUAL

casualty

noun
     
cas‧u‧al‧ty plural casualties
1 [countable] someone who is hurt or killed in an accident or war:
Our aim is to reduce road casualties.
civilian casualties (=people who are not soldiers who are injured or killed)
cause/inflict casualties
The rebels have inflicted heavy casualties.
2 [singular] someone or something that suffers as a result of a particular event or situation
casualty of
The Safer City Project is the latest casualty of financial cutbacks.
3 [uncountable] also Casualty British EnglishMH the part of a hospital that people are taken to when they are hurt in an accident or suddenly become ill [= Emergency Room American English]
in casualty
Jean ended up in casualty last night.

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