English version

charge

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Related topics: Law, Electrical, Electricity
chargecharge1 /tʃɑːdʒ $ tʃɑːrdʒ/ ●●● S1 W1 noun  1 price [countable, uncountable]COST the amount of money you have to pay for goods or servicescharge of an admission charge of $5charge for There is a charge for the use of the swimming pool. Guided tours are provided at no charge. Your order will be sent free of charge (=with no cost).see thesaurus at cost2 control [uncountable]IN CHARGE OF the position of having control or responsibility for a group of people or an activityin charge (of something) He asked to speak to the person in charge. the officer in charge of the investigation Stern put Travis in charge of (=gave him control of) the research team. Owens came in and took charge of (=took control of) the situation. A commander in each county was to have charge of the local militia.3 somebody/something you look after a) be in/under somebody’s chargeLOOK AFTER somebody if someone or something is in your charge, you are responsible for looking after them teachers that do their best for the children in their charge The files were left in your charge. b) [countable] formalLOOK AFTER somebody someone that you are responsible for looking after Sarah bought some chocolate for her three young charges.4 crime [countable]SCLACCUSE an official statement by the police that someone may be guilty of a crimecharge against He was found guilty of all six charges against him.charge of Higgins is facing a charge of armed robbery.on a charge (of something) The following morning, he was arrested on a charge of burglary.5 blame [countable]ACCUSE a written or spoken statement blaming someone for doing something bad or illegal syn allegationcharge that the charge that tobacco companies target young people with their adscharge of a charge of racial discrimination against the companydeny/counter a charge (=say that a charge is untrue) Wallace denied charges that he had lied to investigators.lay/leave yourself open to a charge of something (=be likely to be blamed for something) The speech laid him open to charges of political bias.6 attack [countable]ATTACK an attack in which soldiers or animals move towards someone or something very quickly7 lead the charge8 electricityTEE [uncountable] electricity that is put into a piece of electrical equipment such as a batteryon charge (=taking in a charge of electricity) Leave the battery on charge all night.9 explosive [countable]EXPLODE an explosive put into something such as a bomb or gun10 strength of feelings [singular]STRONG FEELING OR BELIEF the power of strong feelings Cases of child abuse have a strong emotional charge.11 get a charge out of something12 an order to do something [countable] formalTELL/ORDER somebody TO DO something an order to do somethingcharge to do something The old servant fulfilled his master’s charge to care for the children. reverse the charges at reverse1(6)COLLOCATIONSMeaning 1: the amount of money you have to pay for goods or servicesADJECTIVES/NOUN + chargea small chargeFor a small charge guests can use the hotel sauna.an extra/additional chargeBreakfast may be served in your bedroom at no extra charge.free of charge (=with no cost)Delivery is free of charge.somebody’s charges are high/low (=you have to pay a lot/a little)His charges are too high.a fixed chargeThere’s a fixed charge for having a dental check.a nominal charge (=a very small amount of money)You can use the tennis courts for a nominal charge.a minimum charge (=an amount that is the least you can pay)There’s a minimum charge of £10 per person in the Terrace restaurant.a service charge (=for service in a hotel, restaurant etc)The restaurant’s prices include a 10% service charge.an admission charge (=for being allowed to enter a place)There is no admission charge.a call-out charge British English (=that you must pay a workman to come to your home)The electrician said there is a £40 call-out charge.a cancellation chargeIf you change your flight booking, you may have to pay a cancellation charge.a delivery chargeHow much is the store’s delivery charge?bank charges (=fees charged by a bank for some services)You will have to pay bank charges if your account is overdrawn.verbspay a chargeThere will be a small charge to pay.make a charge (=ask you to pay a charge)We make no charge for this service.incur a charge formal (=result in you paying a charge)All cancellations incur a charge.introduce/impose a chargeThe government introduced a charge for water.waive a charge (=allow you not to pay it)I’ve asked the bank to waive the charge this time.COLLOCATIONSMeaning 4: an official statement by the police that someone may be guilty of a crimeADJECTIVES/NOUN + chargea murder/burglary/drugs etc chargeHe appeared in court on fraud charges.Robins was in jail awaiting trial on drugs charges.criminal chargesThe investigation resulted in criminal charges against three police officers.a serious chargeDrinking and driving is a very serious charge.a felony charge American English (=for a serious crime)He pleaded not guilty to a felony charge of cocaine possession.verbspress/bring charges (=make someone be brought to court for a crime)Sometimes the victim of an assault does not want to press charges.face charges (=have been charged with a crime)A farmer is facing charges of cruelty and neglect.deny/admit a chargeAll three men denied the charge of manslaughter.plead guilty to a charge (=say formally in court that you are guilty)The youth pleaded guilty to a charge of arson.drop the charges (=decide not to go on with a court case)The prosecution dropped the charges in 2005.dismiss the charges (=say that a court case should not continue)If there is insufficient evidence, the court will dismiss the charges.be released without chargeShe had been arrested twice and released without charge.be convicted of/on a charge (=be judged to be guilty)McCorley was convicted on a charge of assault.be acquitted of/on a charge (=be judged to be not guilty)Both men were acquitted of all charges.
Examples from the Corpus
chargeHe faces a charge of armed robbery.An additional charge of 15% will be added to your bill for service.There's an admission charge for adults, but children get into the museum free.There doesn't seem to be any charge coming from the outlet.The idea that it would somehow reduce the community charge is erroneous.Pate pleaded guilty to drug conspiracy charges in September and was sentenced to 18 months in prison.Criminal charges were filed in October against Sorvino by the District Attorney's office.If your order comes to over $30, we will not make a delivery charge.Libel is a difficult charge to prove.He will then decide whether to prefer disciplinary charges.Cases of abuse have a strong emotional charge.But the bomb casings and high explosive charges in nuclear weapons can not withstand fire and explosive shock.Members and their guests are welcome to use the club's facilities at no extra charge.On Tuesday, the police officially filed charges against Jeffers.Interest charges on the loan totaled over $12,000.Short trips in cold weather often do not put back as much charge as was lost starting the car.He appeared in court on a murder charge.San Francisco police have arrested a 39-year-old man on murder charges.There's no charge for telephoning the operator.Guinness Mahon is offering a discount of 1 percent on the normal charge of 6 percent for investments made by May 5.Bradstreet said it expects to post 1995 earnings of $ 3. 80 a share before the pretax charge.What are the charges against the accused?Police have dropped the charges due to lack of evidence.Investors who do their own research and then go directly to the fund manager of the choice must still pay the charge.Jill bought ice cream for her three young charges.charge ofThere have been numerous charges of racism against the company.Jones will stand trial for three charges of sexual misconduct.in charge (of something)Michael Weir had detailed Adams to be in charge while he spent the evening in his dugout with a book.G.W. Davidson will be in charge.Ann Watterson is in charge of the business section of the paper.Commissioner Gattrell was no longer in charge.He put a machinist in charge of his new Special Projects Division, which handled all new equipment orders.You, the men in charge, must surely have hearts and souls and consciences.People in charge of the investigation have expressed chagrin repeatedly at the anger and impatience expressed by those whose loved ones perished.During the three years he was in charge over £300 million in foreign debts were accumulated.Some years ago, when the Republicans were in charge, they set up Barry in a notorious drug sting.charge againstHarris's office was informed of the charges against him.charge thatLohr also charged that Medtronic failed to warn her or her doctors that the device could experience life-threatening failure.Gholamhossein Karbaschi served seven months of a two-year sentence on corruption charges that he denied.Archbishop Prospero Penados del Barrio has charged that some political parties have financed their activities with ransom money.Hundreds have charged that police used excessive force during the demonstration.He charged that up to 1,000 non-citizens and felons had cast ballots.On Friday, Maskhadov charged that more such groups are planning armed attacks in border areas before the balloting.That jury eventually acquitted Simpson of charges that he killed his former wife and Goldman.Some charge that the process hairstyle was a black attempt to look white.charge to do somethingThere will be a £5 charge to enter the questionnaire in our June issue which could lead to you receiving the certificate.The new season will also bring admission charge to Museum of Flight, £2 for adults and £1 children and concessions.The company said it will record an appropriate charge to fourth-quarter financial results.The act did not abolish DISCs but limited their tax benefits and imposed an interest charge to tax-deferred earnings.In the quarter, profits were reduced by an unexpected $ 51 million charge to settle leveraged derivative transactions.UniChem said it would take a 26 million pound charge to cut jobs and consolidate the two companies if the merger succeeds.But they hasten to point out that many spend them taking their charges to exotic educational destinations.Permits can be obtained in the hotel without charge to residents.
Related topics: Law, Electrical, Weapons
chargecharge2 ●●● S1 W2 verb  1 money a) [intransitive, transitive]COST to ask someone for a particular amount of money for something you are selling The hotel charges $125 a night.charge somebody £10/$50 etc (for something) The restaurant charged us £40 for the wine.charge something at something Calls will be charged at 44p per minute.charge for We won’t charge for delivery if you pay now.charge rent/a fee/interest etc The gallery charges an entrance fee. b) charge something to somebody’s account/room etcBFB to record the cost of something on someone’s account, so that they can pay for it later Wilson charged the drinks to his room. Use a courier and charge it to the department. c) [transitive] American EnglishPAY FOR to pay for something with a credit cardcharge something on something I charged the shoes on Visa. ‘How would you like to pay?’ ‘I’ll charge it.’2 crime [transitive]SCLACCUSE to state officially that someone may be guilty of a crimecharge somebody with something Gibbons has been charged with murder.see thesaurus at accuse3 blame somebody [transitive] formalBLAME to say publicly that you think someone has done something wrongcharge that Demonstrators have charged that the police used excessive force against them.4 run [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to deliberately run or walk somewhere quicklycharge around/through/out etc The boys charged noisily into the water.see thesaurus at run5 attack [intransitive, transitive]ATTACK to deliberately rush quickly towards someone or something in order to attack them Then, with a final effort, our men charged the enemy for the last time.charge at/towards/into The bear charged towards her at full speed.6 electricity [intransitive, transitive] (also charge up)TEE if a battery charges, or if you charge it, it takes in and stores electricity The shaver can be charged up.7 order somebody [transitive] formalTELL/ORDER somebody TO DO something to order someone to do something or make them responsible for itcharge somebody with doing something The commission is charged with investigating war crimes.8 gun [transitive]PMW old use to load a gun9 glass [transitive] British English formalDRINK to fill a glass charged
→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
chargeThe dry cleaners charges $1.25 a shirt.My piano teacher charges £9 for a half hour class.Twelve people involved in the demonstration have been arrested and charged.Police have charged a 22-year-old man with robbing two Japanese tourists.The gallery will, of course, charge a commission for selling work.The doors flew open, and Pascoe charged across the foyer, scattering people in all directions.Riot police with batons charged at soccer fans twice during last night's international with Spain.They're going to charge him with dangerous driving.Small shops charge much higher prices for the same products.I was told of one particular youngster in Stockton-on-Tees who has been arrested and charged no fewer than 17 times this year.Don't charge off, I want a word with you.Leave it to charge overnight.Lawyers charge such high fees, but they never seem short of clients.Did you charge the camcorder's batteries?I charged the flights on American Express.The cheapest doctor we could find charged us four hundred francs for a five minute examination.He risks being charged with an offence that carries up to five years in jail.H., was charged with murder and kidnapping Tuesday morning.The man they arrested last night has been charged with murder.The victim was charged with obstruction, and the passenger travelling with him was charged with assault.Claudia Schneider is charged with one count of failing to disclose bankruptcy and has also been held in Miami since May.Another passenger, Damon D.. Stewart, 24, also of Hampton, was charged with possession of marijuana.charge thatGholamhossein Karbaschi served seven months of a two-year sentence on corruption charges that he denied.That jury eventually acquitted Simpson of charges that he killed his former wife and Goldman.Lohr also charged that Medtronic failed to warn her or her doctors that the device could experience life-threatening failure.On Friday, Maskhadov charged that more such groups are planning armed attacks in border areas before the balloting.Archbishop Prospero Penados del Barrio has charged that some political parties have financed their activities with ransom money.Some charge that the process hairstyle was a black attempt to look white.He charged that up to 1,000 non-citizens and felons had cast ballots.charge around/through/out etcHe seemed to make a habit of charging through her life and leaving destruction in his wake.Auguste reported that Boris was still charging around in the kitchen and showed no desire to show his head above stairs.Still the General charged through it as if it had been harmless rain.You can envision graphic sound charging around like square pixels on a vintage Atari video game.I felt a shock charge through my hand and could not loosen my grip.The kids and Bill exhale billows of steam as they stand around; resting up for the next charge through the brush.The screams reached their peak as the remaining males descended to the ground and started charging through the group.It was all beneath his dignity, this business of charging around with rifles in your hand and going on parade.charge at/towards/intoBoth deals are available across the full range of loan types, and arrangement fees are charged at £150 to £250.Calls are charged at 36p per min cheap rate, 48p per min at all other times.A new manager is in charge at Aberystwyth following last September's shake-out.These channels let in a flood of even more positive ions, which obliterates the electrical charge at that spot.They charged into the other dressing rooms, gabbling as they started a quick change for another number.Interest will be charged at the rate of 1 percent above the Bank base rate prevailing for the relevant period.Children, and adults, who have trouble identifying and anticipating difficult situations usually charge into them with their eyes closed.
From Longman Business Dictionarychargecharge1 /tʃɑːdʒtʃɑːrdʒ/ noun1[countable, uncountable]COMMERCE an amount of money paid for services or goodsVodafone is cutting its call charges by 15%.You can search the database free of charge.charge forPoliticians are opposing higher charges for electricity. capital charge carrying charge cover charge handling charge management charge sales charge service charge surrender charge termination charge2[countable usually plural]BANKINGFINANCE money charged by a bank for services such as paying cheques, sending out bank statements etcconcern at the level of bank charges charged by some of the High Street banks finance charge3 (also legal charge) [countable]LAWFINANCE a legal right to an asset belonging to another person if a particular event happens, for example if they do not repay a loan with which they bought the assetFund the purchase of the house by a loan, with the lender holding a charge on the property as security. fixed charge floating charge4[countable]ACCOUNTINGFINANCE a cost, especially one that is not paid regularlyThe company’s net loss for the period will also include a restructuring charge of $12 million.Denver said it will take a charge (=pay a cost) of about $590 million for the write-off of certain assets.5be in charge (of) to be the person who manages a group of people, an organization, or an activityUnder the new plan, each board member will be in charge of one product area.He was put in charge of GM’s worldwide truck operations.6take charge (of) to take control of a group of people, an organization, or an activityAfter a brief power struggle, she took charge of the family firm.7[countable]LAW an official statement saying that someone has done something against the lawHe was arrested on charges of bribery.charge againstThe charges against him are expected to cover fraud, forgery and fraudulent bankruptcy.chargecharge2 verb1[intransitive, transitive]COMMERCE to ask someone to pay a particular amount of money for somethingShe was charged $995 for a belt that really only cost $195.The prices that producers charged for food fell by 0.8% in July.2charge something to somebody’s accountCOMMERCE to record the cost of something on someone’s account so they can pay for it laterCharge the room to the company’s account.3FINANCE [transitive] to pay for something with a CREDIT CARDI charged the shoes on my Visa card.4[transitive]LAW to state officially that someone has done something against the lawHe was charged with theft. charge something → off→ See Verb table
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Verb table
charge
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theycharge
he, she, itcharges
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theycharged
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave charged
he, she, ithas charged
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad charged
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill charge
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have charged
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam charging
he, she, itis charging
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you, we, theyare charging
Past
I, he, she, itwas charging
you, we, theywere charging
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been charging
he, she, ithas been charging
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been charging
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be charging
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been charging
> View Less