Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1500-1600
Origin: chaste 'to chasten' (12-17 centuries), from Old French chastier, from Latin castigare; CASTIGATE

chasten

verb
     
chas‧ten [transitive usually passive] formal
to make someone realize that their behaviour was wrong or mistaken:
Party workers have returned to their home towns, chastened by their overwhelming defeat.
chastening adjective:
a chastening experience

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