From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishchildchild /tʃaɪld/ ●●●S1W1 noun (plural children /ˈtʃɪldrən/) [countable] 🔊 🔊 1young personCHILD someone who is not yet an adult syn kid 🔊 The hotel is ideal for families with young children. 🔊 The film is not suitable for children under 12. 🔊 I was very happy as a child (=when I was a child).a child of five/eight etc 🔊 For a child of five this was a terrifying experience. 🔊 a famous writer of children’s books 🔊 child victims of war2son/daughterBABY/HAVE A BABY a son or daughter of any age 🔊 I have five children, all happily married. 🔊 She lives with her husband, Paul, and three grown-up children. 🔊 Annie had always wanted to get married and have children. 🔊 Alex is an only child (=he has no brothers or sisters). 🔊 Our youngest child, Sam, has just started university.eldest child especially British English, oldest child especially American English 🔊 the decision to bring a child into the world (=have a baby)3somebody influenced by an ideaEFFECT/INFLUENCE someone who is very strongly influenced by the ideas and attitudes of a particular period of historychild of 🔊 a real child of the sixties4somebody who is like a childEXPERIENCED someone who behaves like a child and is not sensible or responsible – used to show disapproval 🔊 She’s such a child!5 →something is child’s play6 →children should be seen and not heard7 →be with child8 →be heavy/great with childCOLLOCATIONSADJECTIVES/NOUN + childa four-year-old/ten-year-old etc childA four-year-old child should not be left on their own.a young childYoung children are naturally curious about the world.a small child (=a young one)My family lived in France when I was a small child.a newborn childHe was holding the newborn child in his arms.an unborn child (=a baby that is still inside its mother)Smoking can damage your unborn child.a spoilt/spoiled child (=allowed to do or have whatever he or she wants, and behaving badly)He’s behaving like a spoilt child.a gifted child (=extremely intelligent)a special school for gifted childrena bright child (=intelligent)He was a bright child – always asking questions.a good/bad childBe a good child and sit down!a naughty child (=doing things that are not allowed)He's behaving like a naughty child.an easy/difficult child (=easy or difficult to deal with)Marcus was a very happy, easy child.a problem child (=very difficult to deal with)Problem children may need to be removed from the classroom.an adopted child (=legally made part of a family that he or she was not born into)I didn’t find out that I was an adopted child until years later.street children (=living on the streets because they have no homes)The organization aims to help street children in Latin America.verbsbring up a child especially British English, raise a child especially American EnglishThe cost of bringing up a child has risen rapidly.a child is bornMost children at born in hospital.a child grows upOne in four children is growing up in poverty.child + NOUNchild abuse (=treating children in a very bad way, especially sexually)He was arrested on suspicion of child abuse.child developmentShe’s an expert in child development.child labour British English, child labor American English (=the use of children as workers)The garments were made using child labour.THESAURUSchild someone who is not yet an adult. You don’t usually use child to talk about babies or teenagersMany children are scared of the dark.He’s just a child.kid informal a child. Kid is the usualword to use in everydayspoken EnglishWe left the kids in the car.little boy/little girl a young male or female childI lived there when I was a little girl.Little boys love dinosaurs.teenager someone between the ages of 13 and 19There’s not much for teenagers to do around here.adolescent a young person who is developing into an adult – used especially when talking about the problems these people haveHe changed from a cheerful child to a confused adolescent.youth especially disapproving a teenageboy – especially one who is violent and commitscrimesHe was attacked by a gang of youths.a youth courtyoungster a child or young person – used especially by old peopleYou youngsters have got your whole life ahead of you.He’s a bright youngster with a good sense of humour.minor law someone who is not yet legally an adultIt is illegal to sell alcohol to a minor.