coldcold1 /kəʊld $ koʊld/ ●●●S1W1 adjective (comparative colder, superlative coldest)1OBJECTS/SURFACES/LIQUIDS/ROOMS ETCCOLDobjects/surfaces/liquids/rooms something that is cold has a lowtemperature opp hot → coldnessShe splashed her face with cold water.a blast of cold airWe slept on the cold ground.The house felt cold and empty.ice/stone/freezing cold (=very cold)The radiator is stone cold; isn’t the heating working?go/get cold (=become cold)My tea’s gone cold.Come and eat or your dinner will get cold!2WEATHERCOLDweather when there is cold weather, the temperature of the air is very low opp hot → coldnessIt was so cold this morning I had to scrape the ice off my windshield.The day was bitterly cold.The hut sheltered her from the cold wind.cold winter/evening/January etcthe coldest winter on recordcold out/outsideIt was raining and freezing cold outside.The weather gets colder around the middle of October.turn/grow cold (=become cold or colder, especially suddenly)The nights grew colder.3 →be/feel/look/get cold4FOOD EATEN COLDEATfood cold food is cooked but not eatenhota plate of cold meatsa cold buffetServe the potatoes cold.5LACKING FEELINGEMOTIONALlacking feelingunfriendly or lackingnormalhumanfeelings such as sympathy, pity, humour etc opp warm → coldly, coldnessMartin was really cold towards me at the party.His voice was as cold as ice.She gave him a cold stare.a cold calculated murder► see thesaurus at unfriendly6 →get/have cold feet7 →give somebody the cold shoulder8LIGHT/COLOURCOLOUR/COLORlight/colour a cold colour or lightreminds you of things that are cold opp warm → coldnessthe cold light of a fluorescent tube9 →in the cold light of day10 →cold (hard) cash11 →leave somebody cold12 →take/need a cold shower13 →somebody’s trail/scent is cold14GAMEDGin games [not before noun] used in children’s games, to say that someone is far away from the hiddenobject or answer they are trying to findYou’re getting colder!15 →cold facts16 →cold steel → in cold bloodat blood1(3), → cold fishat fish1(8), → blow hot and coldat blow1(21), → cold comfortat comfort1(7), → pour cold water over/onat pour(6), → a cold sweatat sweat2(3)COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 2: when there is cold weather, the temperature of the air is very lowcold + NOUNcold weatherMore cold weather is expected later this week.a cold night/dayIt was a cold night with a starlit sky.a cold winterA cold winter will increase oil consumption.a cold windA cold wind was blowing from the north.a cold spell (=a period of cold weather, especially a short one)We’re currently going through a bit of a cold spell.a cold snap (=a short period of very cold weather)There had been a sudden cold snap just after Christmas.adverbsfreezing/icy coldTake your gloves – it’s freezing cold out there.bitterly cold (=very cold)The winter of 1921 was bitterly cold.unusually/exceptionally colda period of unusually cold weatherquite/pretty coldIt’s going to be quite cold today.cold out/outsideIt’s too cold out – I’m staying at home.verbsbecome cold (also get cold informal)In my country, it never really gets cold.turn/grow cold (=become cold, especially suddenly)The birds fly south before the weather turns cold.THESAURUSpersoncold used especially when you feel uncomfortableI’m cold – can I borrow a sweater?cool a little cold, especially in a way that feels comfortableThe air-conditioning keeps everyone cool.freezing (cold) spoken very cold and very uncomfortableYou look absolutely freezing!shivery cold and unable to stopshivering, especially because you are illI felt shivery and had a headache.weathercold used especially when you feel uncomfortableIt gets very cold here in the winter.cool a little cold, often in a way that feels comfortableIt’s very hot in the day, but cooler at night.a nice cool breezechilly a little cold, but not very cold, in a way that feels rather uncomfortablea chilly autumn dayIt’s a bit chilly.freezing (cold) spoken very cold and very uncomfortableIt’s freezing outside.bitterly cold very cold and very uncomfortableIt can be bitterly cold in the mountains.icy (cold) very cold, especially when the temperature is below zeroThe wind was icy cold.crisp cold, dry, and clear, in a way that seems pleasantI love these crisp autumn mornings.frosty in frosty weather, the ground is covered in a frozenwhitepowderIt was a bright frosty morning.arctic extremely cold and unpleasant, with snow and iceHe would not survive for long in the arctic conditions.arctic weatherroomcold used especially when you feel uncomfortableIt’s cold in here.cool a little cold, especially in a way that feels comfortableLet’s go inside where it’s cool.freezing (cold) spoken very coldI had to sleep in a freezing cold room.draughty British English, drafty American English /ˈdrɑːfti $ ˈdræfti/ with cold air blowing in from outside, in a way that feels uncomfortableOld houses can be very draughty.food, liquid, or something you touchcoldThe water’s too cold for swimming.a cold stone floorcool a little cold, especially in a way that seems pleasanta nice cool drinkcool white sheetsfreezing (cold) very coldHis friends pulled him from the freezing water.chilled food and drinks that are chilled have been deliberately made colda bottle of chilled champagnefrozen kept at a temperature which is below zerofrozen peas
Examples from the Corpus
cold• He woke up in the middle of the night feeling cold.• I'd hate to live somewhere where it's always cold.• I wanted to swim, but the water was too cold.• By the time I got off the phone, my coffee was stonecold.• Come and sit by the fire. You look cold.• Come eat your dinner before it gets cold.• "He has abused his position, " a cold and angryprotester said.• His manner all evening was cold and unfriendly.• How about a nicecoldbeer?• I think we'll just have a coldbuffet.• Dad, I'm cold. Can I put the heater on?• I thought you were supposed to get cold chills on your right leg.• a cold, clear night• It gets really cold here at night.• It's so cold. I wish I was back home in Morocco.• a coldJanuary evening• I want something cold like an ice creambar.• He waited an hour for the train on a coldplatform.• a cold, pragmaticdecision• I love being in a warmbed in a cold room.• a cold stone floor• It was a very professional, cold time.• BrewingClean the white plastic brewing bucket with the sterilising fluid and rinse it thoroughly with cold water.• The first coldwindsrattled the windowpane, and I had made it just in time.• You aren't the cold woman you're pretending to be!felt cold• As the flamesdied down he felt cold air on his face.• Suddenly he felt cold and afraid.• He suddenly felt cold but he could also feel the sweat running down the sides of his face.• Chrissy felt cold even to think about it.• She felt cold night air on her face.• She felt cold suddenly, and pushed everything back into the envelope.• He felt cold, thick fluid being splashed on him.bitterly cold• It was a Friday and bitterly cold.• It was bitterly cold and it was raining.• When morning came, bitterly cold and still dark, she had made up her mind.• He wrote that it was not as he had pictured it as the weather was bitterly cold and wet with some snow.• I wasn't annoyedexcept that it was bitterly cold, freezing.• We all know how bitterly cold it is now outside; it is not very cold here, of course.• On the bitterly cold morning of Sunday 13 November 1715 the two armies were woken respectively by bagpipes and trumpets.• It is bitterly cold outside today, but probably not cold enough to trigger the payments.
coldcold2 ●●●S2W3 noun1[countable]MIILLNESS/DISEASE a commonillness that makes it difficult to breathe through your nose and often makes your throathurtI’ve got a bad cold.Keep your feet dry so you don’t catch a cold. →common cold2[uncountable] (also the cold)COLD a low temperature or cold weatherI was shivering with cold.Don’t go out in the cold without your coat!you’ll catch your death of cold British English (=used to warn someone that they may become very ill if they do not keep themselves warm in cold weather)3 →come in from the cold4 →leave somebody out in the coldCOLLOCATIONSverbshave (got) a coldShe’s staying at home today because she’s got a cold.be getting a cold (=be starting to have a cold)I think I might be getting a cold.catch a cold (=start to have one)I caught a cold and had to miss the match.come down with a cold (also go down with a cold British English) informal (=catch one)A lot of people go down with colds at this time of year.be suffering from a cold formal (=have one)He was suffering from a cold and not his usual energetic self.suffer from colds formal (=have colds)Some people suffer from more colds than others.ADJECTIVES/NOUN + colda bad coldIf you have a bad cold, just stay in bed.a nasty cold (also a heavy cold British English) (=a bad one)He sounded as if he had a heavy cold.a streaming cold British English (=in which a lot of liquid comes from your nose)You shouldn’t go to work if you’ve got a streaming cold.a slight coldIt’s only a slight cold – I’ll be fine tomorrow.a chest cold (=affecting your chest)He’s coughing all the time with a bad chest cold.a head cold (=affecting your nose and head)A bad head cold can sometimes feel like flu.the common cold formalThere are hundreds of viruses that cause the common cold.