companycom‧pa‧ny /ˈkʌmpəni/ ●●●S1W1 noun (plural companies) 🔊 🔊 1BUSINESSbusiness [countable]COMPANY a business organization that makes or sells goods or services syn business, firm 🔊 Which company do you work for? 🔊 I called the phone company about the bill. 🔊 The company was set up just after the war. 🔊 The company directors have awarded themselves a massive pay increase.GRAMMAR: Singular or plural verb?• In this meaning, company is usually followed by a singular verb: The company makes machine parts.• In British English, you can also use a plural verb: The company make machine parts.2WITHOTHER PEOPLEother people [uncountable] when you are with other people and not alone 🔊 The two men enjoy each other’s company. 🔊 Rita’s husband is away for the week, so I thought I’d go over and keep her company (=be with her so that she doesn’t feel lonely). 🔊 Come over for dinner – I could use the company (=would like to be with other people). 🔊 James is good company (=is a cheerful person who is enjoyable to be with).as company 🔊 Bessie was glad to have the dog as company.in somebody’s company (=with someone) 🔊 I felt nervous in the company of such an important man.in company with somebody (=together with another person or group) 🔊 He’s performing in company with saxophonist Ernie Watts.3GUESTSguests [uncountable]VISIT people who are visiting you in your home 🔊 It looks like the Hammills have company. 🔊 We’re expecting company this evening.4FRIENDSfriends [uncountable]FRIEND your friends or the group of people you spend time with 🔊 People judge you by the company you keep (=the people you spend time with). 🔊 Things began to go wrong when he got into bad company.5PERFORMERSperformers [countable]AP a group of actors, dancers, or singers who work together 🔊 a theatre company 🔊 a touring company 🔊 the Kirov Ballet Company► see thesaurus at actor6 →be in good company7GROUPGROUP [uncountable] formalWITH a group of people who are together in the same place, often for a particular purpose or for socialreasons 🔊 He glanced around at the assembled company. 🔊 Some jokes are just not appropriate to tell in mixed company (=in a group of both men and women).in company (=when surrounded by other people, especially at a social occasion) 🔊 Parents should teach their children how to behave in company.8 →somebody and company9armyARMY [countable]PMA a group of about 120 soldiers who are usually part of a larger group10 →two’s company, three’s a crowdCOLLOCATIONS – Meaning 1: a business organization that makes or sells goods or servicesADJECTIVES/NOUN + company a computer/phone/oil etc companyan international oil companya manufacturing/shipping/publishing etc companyI’m working for a printing company at the moment.a large/big companyShe has a senior position in a large manufacturing company.a small companyHis father is the director of a small company.an international company (=with offices in different countries)She works for a major international company.a multinational company (=with offices in many countries)Within ten years the business grew into a huge multinational company.a private company (=not owned by the government)There are many tiny private companies.a state-owned company (=owned by the government)a public/listed company (=offering its shares for sale on the stock exchange)a limited company (=one whose owners only have to pay a limited amount if it gets into debt)a subsidiary company (=owned or controlled by a larger company)the parent company (=the one that owns or controls a smaller one)a local companyThe new development will bring more business to local companies.a reputable company (=with a good reputation)Choose a reputable building company to do the work.verbswork for a companyHow long have you been working for your present company?join a company (=become an employee)I joined the company ten years ago.run/manage a companyNick runs a property company.set up/start/form a companyTwo years later he started his own software company.found/establish a companyThe company was founded in 1993 by William J. Nutt.take over a company (=buy it and run it)The company was taken over by the management in a £32.5 million deal.a company grows/expandsThe company has expanded year on year.a company goes bankrupt/goes out of business (=stops doing business after losing too much money)a company fails (=goes bankrupt)His audio equipment company failed in the mid 1980s.a company goes bust informal (=goes bankrupt)a company goes to the wall informal (=goes bankrupt)a company goes into liquidation (=is closed and sold in order to pay its debts)company + NOUNcompany policyIt is not company policy to give that information.a company director/executiveHe earns a huge amount of money as a senior company executive.a company car (=that your company gives you to use)COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 2: when you are with other people and not aloneverbsenjoy somebody’s companySteve was fun and she clearly enjoyed his company.keep somebody company (=be with someone so that they do not feel lonely)Mum was out so I stayed at home to keep my younger sister company.have some company (=not be alone)‘Come in, ’ she said, pleased to have some company.need/want companyChildren need the company of other kids their age.be good/pleasant company (=be a cheerful person who is enjoyable to be with)I always liked seeing Rob – he was such good company.THESAURUScompany an organization that makes or sells something, or provides a servicebig oil companiestelephone companiesHe runs a software company.firm a company, especially one that provides a service rather than producing goodsa law firma firm of accountantsa security firmbusiness a company – often used when talking about a company that employs only a small number of peopleShe set up her own catering business.small businessesa family businesscorporation a large company that often includesseveral smaller companiesIBM is one of the biggest corporations in the world.multinational a very large company with offices in many different countriesAmerican multinationals are establishing research and development facilities across the developing world.conglomerate /kənˈɡlɒmərət $ -ˈɡlɑː-/ a very large company that consists of several different companies which have joined togetherThe company was taken over by a German media conglomerate.giant a word used mainly by newspapers for a very large companyTheir clients include the retail giant, Wal-Mart.subsidiary a company that is owned by a larger companyThe company runs its New York operations through a US subsidiary.