English version

control

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishcontrolcon‧trol1 /kənˈtrəʊl $ -ˈtroʊl/ ●●● S1 W1 noun  1 make somebody/something do what you want [uncountable]CONTROL the ability or power to make someone or something do what you want or make something happen in the way you want The disease robs you of muscle control.control of/over Babies are born with very little control over their movements. Artists like to have some control over where their works are hung in a gallery. She’s a good teacher who has control of her class. Students are encouraged to take control of their own learning, rather than just depending on the teacher. Excessive drinking can make you lose control of your own life. ‘Do you need any help?’ ‘No. It’s under control, thanks.’ Dogs are allowed on the trails if they are kept under control. The car spun out of control and hit a tree. Flight delays do occur, for reasons that are outside our control.2 power [uncountable]CONTROL the power to make the decisions about how a country, place, company etc is organized or what it does The press was freed from political control.control of Jordan asked for editorial control of the project.in control (of something) Anti-government forces are still in control of the area. By the end of the year, the rebels had control over the northern territories. The Johnson family has effective control of the company, owning almost 60% of the shares. China gained control of the island in 1683. His son is being trained to take control of the family business. The Democrats lost control of Congress in the last election.under the control of somebody The college was under the control of a group of trustees. The whole of this area came under Soviet control after World War II. The Conservatives are hoping to regain control of the city council.3 LIMITway of limiting something [countable, uncountable] an action, method, or law that limits the amount or growth of something, especially something that is dangerous pest controlcontrol of the control of inflationcontrol on The authorities imposed strict controls on the movement of cattle. an agreement on arms control (=control of the amount of weapons a country has)under control Firefighters had the blaze under control by 9:44 p.m. Shea used diet and exercise to bring her weight under control. The Federal Reserve Bank raised interest rates to keep inflation under control.rent/price/wage etc controls Rent controls ensured that no one paid too much for housing.tight/rigid controls (=strict controls) the introduction of tighter controls on immigration Police used fire hoses and dogs for crowd control.4 ability to stay calm [uncountable]CONTROL the ability to remain calm even when you feel very angry, upset, or excited There were sudden tears in his eyes and he paused, fighting for control. Davidson lost control of himself and started yelling. Small children can’t be expected to have the same self-control (=ability to control their emotions and behaviour) as an adult.under control Her voice is under control, but she is almost shaking with anger.in control I felt calm and in control.5 machine/vehicle [countable]TCONTROL the thing that you press or turn to make a machine, vehicle, television etc work the TV remote control the volume control on the radio a car with manual controlsat the controls (=controlling a vehicle or aircraft) Belton, at the controls, made a perfect landing.6 people who organize an activity [singular, uncountable]TTATTS the people who direct an activity or who check that something is done correctly, the place where this is done, or the process of doing it air-traffic control Please stop at passport control. computers used for stock control7 scientific test [countable] a) HCOMPAREa person, group etc against which you compare another person or group that is very similar, in order to see if a particular quality is caused by something or happens by chancecontrol group/population/sample etc A control group of non-smoking women was compared to four groups of women smokers. b) HJUDGEa thing that you already know the result for that is used in a scientific test, in order to show that your method is working correctly controlled experiment8 computer [singular] (also control key)TD a particular button on a computer that allows you to do certain operations Press control and F2 to exit. birth control, quality control, remote control
Examples from the Corpus
controlFew people have better ball control than Jordan.Others suggested that because of its rigid op-position to birth control, the Church had forfeited its credibility in the reproductive debate.Birth Control Pills and Headache Headaches may rarely occur as a side effect of birth control pills.The building will include an auction hall, valeting and inspection areas, a wash bay and entry control.The major area of cooperation is infrastructure, mainly pollution and flood control.Simmons stopped his battle for control of Lockheed.Croatian rebels battled for control of Vukovar.Reynolds struggled for control as he told how much Dinah meant to him.Who has control of the budget?She hits the ball harder than Sabatini, but lacks her control.Helen, ruffled but in control, hurried into the car.The disease robs you of muscle control.They seem to have no control over their children.Heads of department can make some decisions, but the chairman has overall control within the company.price controlsThe truth is, they are as much outside the control of our destiny as we are.the TV controlThe researchers showed cancer develops when the function of oncogenes is disturbed and cells grow without control, the Karolinska Institute said.outside our controlThe coming together of sperm and egg represents a moment of surrender to forces outside our control.The slightest change in the barometer, although it might be due to factors quite outside our control, would correspondingly depress them.regain control ofAfter a terrifying two minutes the crew overpowered Mukonyi, handcuffed him, and regained control of the jet.Though he lost his job, he regained control of his life.He plans to someday regain control of Lewis Oil.The coroner Nicholas Gardner said the Metro driver's attempts to regain control of her car may have made matters worse.I found it difficult to regain control of the beast.All of which sounds a bit fishy -- selling off a chunk of the government to regain control of it?Its purpose is to allow the patient an opportunity to regain control of intense emotions.In vain she struggled to regain control of herself, but it was too late.Captain Fisher parachuted to safety after being unable to regain control of the plane.If Republicans lose 21 seats, the Democrats will regain control of the House.crowd controlThe cop who'd collected her had been a crowd control unit, the full cyborg.Lancashire introduced extra crowd control measures for the Test and the one-day international.Nearly 400 road marshals will be involved in crowd control.He saw the storm-troopers practising karate, crowd control, baton practice and their skills with the knife and knuckleduster.Second, it gets a head start on the crowd control that the rest of the service will require.We've hired an extra 200 security people to assist with crowd control.in controlMoore managed to be in control throughout the birth of her child.Weber's one of those guys who always seems to be in control.A basket by Basey put Logan High in control.at the controlsThe scenario is world war two and you are at the controls of the fictional whirly-bird.Mrs. Eve Bainbridge at the controls, 1985.Icarus shown at Farnborough with a dummy at the controls - story above.Later during the first journey, comedian Jimmy Edwards tried his hand at the controls. 3.The train, with no one at the controls derailed at 50 miles per hour.Tabitha got to her feet and pushed Marco aside to peer at the controls.If a pilot has to come back into the passenger cabin that means one less person at the controls.Larry Scerri at the controls of the Doane engine test rig, from an R-1830 running.I had a canteen cup of coffee with me while Riker took his turn at the controls.control group/population/sample etcThe basic experimental form has an experimental group and a control group.There is an experimental group and a control group with a before and after set of observations. 2.A group of young people without Saturday jobs, will act as a control group.The first was the discovery that parasites can control populations and cause them to go in cycles.Secondly, such studies rarely used any matched control groups.Studies rarely include a psychiatric control group.By comparison, only 23 percent of the infants in the control group lived in homes that had suffered recent water damage.This is where the importance of the control group emerged.
controlcontrol2 ●●● S2 W1 verb (controlled, controlling) [transitive]  1 powerGOVERENMENT to have the power to make the decisions about how a country, place, company etc is organized or what it does The Democrats continued to control the Senate until last year. a huge company controlling half the world’s coffee tradeLabour-/Republican-/Democrat- etc controlled2 limitCONTROL to limit the amount or growth of something, especially something that is dangerous a chemical used to control weeds an economic plan to control inflation Development in areas of outstanding natural beauty is strictly controlled. Strict measures were taken to control the spread of foot and mouth disease.3 make somebody/something do what you wantCONTROL to make someone or something do what you want, or make something happen in the way that you want Police had to be called in to control the crowds. a skilled rider controlling a spirited horse4 emotionCONTROL if you control your emotions, your voice, your expression etc, you succeed in behaving calmly and sensibly, even though you feel angry, upset, or excited Sarah took a deep breath, trying to control her anger. He controlled the urge to laugh.control yourself Newman controlled himself with an effort.5 machine/process/systemCONTROL to make a machine, process, or system work in a particular way a radio-controlled toy car A thermostat controls the temperature in the building.control how/what/which etc The valves in the heart control how quickly the blood is pumped around the body.6 check somethingCHECK/MAKE SURE to make sure that something is done correctly syn check, monitor The company strictly controls the quality of its products.THESAURUScontrol to have power over a country, place, company etc, and decide what happens thereThe Democrats controlled the US Congress.Government forces now control the city.run to make the important everyday decisions concerning a company, organization, country etc, so that it can continue to operateHe runs a software company in New York.The parents want to run the school themselves.The government is unfit to run the country.The charity runs a medical clinic in one of the poorest parts of the city.be in charge of somebody/something to have control over something, or responsibility for a group of peopleShe is in charge of training new employees.I left him in charge of the children while I was out.manage to be in charge of a company, especially one that someone else ownsIn 1963, she opened a furniture store, and her son has managed it since 1985.be in power if a group or leader is in power, they have political control of a countryAbe resigned after less than a year in power.It was the first time a democratically elected government had been in power.rule if a leader or political group rules a country, they have political control of that countryPresident Assad ruled the country for almost 30 years. The same party has ruled Japan for many years.supervise to be in charge of a group of workers or students and make sure that they do their work properlyProfessor Braude supervised the research team.He’s supervising the building work.→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
controla radio-controlled carThe export of these devices is strictly controlled.Insulin controls blood sugar levels in the body.Many U.S. corporations are controlled by foreign companies.The nanobots might be controlled by on board molecular microcomputers linked by radio to a base computer.The area is now controlled by rebels.Health-care reform is intended to control costs and provide medical care for everyone.She exercises to control her weight.Nathan tried to control his crying.I wish he'd learn to control his temper.My view of the future is controlling illegal immigration but respecting people who are legally here.The fire was controlled later Tuesday night.Republicans controlled more than two-thirds of the Senate.She was really annoying me, but I managed to control myself and not say anything.Oloco is a huge company, controlling over half the world's oil trade.Because homosexuals do not control society, they are more victims than agents of its decay.She's a good driver and controls the car very well.Miss Weston is having difficulty controlling the children in that class.The finance committee controls the club's budget.The number of lines to the inch controls the coarseness of the final dot formation.Whereupon those High Masters - the self-proclaimed servants of the Emperor - could control the entire human species galaxy-wide, almost instantaneously.The desire of Congress to control the expenditure of the indemnity payments had resulted in the failure of the National Bank bill.A valve controls the flow of water into the main tank.He was having trouble controlling the heavy truck on the slippery road surface.If you can't control your dog, you should put it on a leash.If you can't control your temper, you don't belong in this line of work.control yourselfHow could a mere machine control itself?I knew he was so incensed he couldn't control himself.If Joe is with me, I turn away and look silently out the window until I manage to control myself.Only by holding on to the oak bureau did I control myself.She knew, too, she had to try and reassure the children, and struggled to control herself.These days, gypsy moth experts are more interested in the various ways the moths control themselves.Maybe she had been locked in her self-imposed prison for so long that now she was unable to control herself at all.She controlled herself sternly, forcing her face into a puffy obstinate shape.control how/what/which etcZeus brings into existence and controls what he has created.A formula based on the voting-age population of each state controls how much state party committees and their national counterparts may spend.Fair was being able to control how she felt.Patterson controls what should be a frenzy.Educational authorities can control what subjects are taught, what the textbooks contain, and even what the teachers say and do.This father of a three-year-old also said parents should control what their children watched - as he did.Where their partners control what they manage, women can find their attempts to meet health needs and financial commitments thwarted.It's very difficult then to exercise the same kind of partnership control which traditionally those firms had.
From Longman Business Dictionarycontrolcon‧trol1 /kənˈtrəʊl-ˈtroʊl/ noun1[countable] an action taken to make sure that something does not increase too muchDevaluations were combined with wage and price controls and reductions in state spending.Private rented accommodation has been freed of rent controls, taking it beyond the reach of the young homeless. budgetary control cost control credit control exchange control import control inventory control management control materials control production control quality control stock control2[uncountable]FINANCE if someone has control of shares in a company, they own themKrupp said it had control of other blocks of Hoesch shares.3[uncountable]FINANCE if someone has control of a company, they own more than half its shares, or enough shares to be able to decide how the company is managedCFS and Mr Vernes were battling for control of the Victoire insurance group.Publicis purchased a little over 50% of Inovasi to gain control.India is to sell stakes in state-owned companies to overseas investors while retaining majority control. creeping control4[singular]COMPUTING (also control key) a button on a computer that allows you to do operations when used with another buttonPress control D to delete text.controlcontrol2 verb (controlled, controlling) [transitive]1to have the power to make someone or something do what you wantU.S. offices of foreign banks now control roughly a quarter of U.S. banking assets.The government controls the production and distribution of all national newspapers.2to limit something or prevent it from increasing too muchTo help control costs, the company cut salaries by between 2% and 25% last month.Romania will control skyrocketing food prices by setting ceilings for items such as meat.new measures to control inflation3to check that something is as it should beCheckers control the quality of products as they come off the production line.4FINANCE to own sharesMr Kahn now controls 854,236 common shares, or about 40% of Mercury’s stock.5FINANCE to own more than half the shares of a company, or enough shares to decide how the company should be managedThe Agnelli family controls the car group through a variety of holding companies.6MARKETING if a company or product controls a particular part of a market, its products account for a large amount of the sales in that marketDe Beers controls 80% of the rough, uncut diamond market.→ See Verb table
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Verb table
control
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theycontrol
he, she, itcontrols
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theycontrolled
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave controlled
he, she, ithas controlled
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad controlled
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill control
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have controlled
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam controlling
he, she, itis controlling
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you, we, theyare controlling
Past
I, he, she, itwas controlling
you, we, theywere controlling
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been controlling
he, she, ithas been controlling
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been controlling
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be controlling
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been controlling
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