Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1400-1500
Language: Latin
Origin: Greek krisis 'decision', from krinein; CRITERION

crisis

noun
     
cri‧sis S2 W2 plural crises [uncountable and countable]
1 a situation in which there are a lot of problems that must be dealt with quickly so that the situation does not get worse or more dangerous [↪ emergency]COLLOCATIONS COLLOCATIONS
economic/financial/political crisis deal with/handle a crisis energy/oil/housing crisis debt/budget crisis a crisis erupts/arises a major/severe crisis resolve/solve/defuse a crisis avert a crisis in/during a crisis be in crisis crisis management (=dealing with a crisis)
The country now faces an economic crisis.
The Prime Minister was criticized for the way in which he handled the crisis.
the current debt crisis
I was relieved that we had averted yet another financial crisis.
Oil companies were heavily criticized when they made large profits during the oil crisis of the 1970s.
The car industry is now in crisis.
He doesn't seem to be very good at crisis management.
2 a time when a personal emotional problem or situation has reached its worst point:
an emotional crisis
In times of crisis, you find out who your real friends are.
He seems to be going through a crisis.
She has reached a crisis point in her career.
Both parties experienced an identity crisis (=feeling of uncertainty about their purpose) at the end of the '90s.
3

crisis of confidence

a situation in which people no longer believe that a government or an economic system is working properly, and will no longer support it or work with it:
There seems to be a crisis of confidence in the economy.
4

crisis of conscience

a situation in which someone feels worried or uncomfortable because they have done something which they think is wrong or immoral

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