cropcrop1 /krɒp $ krɑːp/ ●●●W3 noun [countable]1TACa plant such as wheat, rice, or fruit that is grown by farmers and used as food → GMThe main crops were oats and barley.crop productioncrops grown for market →cash crop2TACthe amount of wheat, rice, fruit etc that is produced in a season syn harvestcrop ofthis season’s crop of quality pearsFruit growers are gathering in a bumper crop (=a very large amount of something produced in a season).increased crop yields3 →crop of somebody/something4DSHa short whip used in horse-riding5HBBthe part under a bird’s throat where food is stored6DCa very short hairstyle7 →crop of dark hair/blonde curls etcCOLLOCATIONSverbsgrow a cropMany crops are grown from seed every year.plant a cropFarmers burn their fields in preparation for planting crops.harvest/bring in a cropBrazil's coffee crop begins to be harvested in May.produce a cropThe land is so poor that much of the seed will not produce a crop.rotate the crops (=regularly change the crops grown on a piece of land)Crops are sometimes rotated with grass.something destroys/damages a cropWhen disease destroyed the crop, famine followed.a crop fails (=does not grow or produce food properly)The drought meant the crops failed and food was scarce.ADJECTIVES/NOUN + crop the wheat/cereal/rice etc cropIn January farmers prepare the ground for the potato crop.a food cropThe demand for ethanol has reduced the amount of corn grown as a food crop.a cash crop (=grown to be sold rather than used)Cotton is grown as a cash crop in the savannah.an arable/agricultural crop (=grown on farm land)A lot of woodland has been cleared for arable crops.genetically modified crops (also GM crops) (=ones that have had their genetic structure changed)He argues that genetically modified crops are needed to avoid future famines.a staple crop (=an important one that forms a big part of people's diet)staple crops such as rice and wheatan export crop (=grown to be exported)Cocoa is the country's main export crop.crop + NOUNcrop productionThe area is mostly unsuitable for crop production.crop failure (=failure to grow or produce food)Ethiopia's 1989 crop failure was disastrous.crop damageThe storms caused crop damage across the country.crop rotation (=the practice of rotating crops)Crop rotation helps build up soil fertility.
cropcrop2 verb (cropped, cropping)1DC[transitive] to cut someone’s hair shortStella’s had her hair closely cropped.2TCP[transitive]CUT to cut a part off a photograph or picture so that it is a particular size or shape3HBA[transitive] if an animal cropsgrass or other plants, it makes them short by eating them4HBP[intransitive] British English if a plant crops, it produces fruit, grain etcMy strawberries crop in June or July. →crop up→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
crop• She carried a matchingjacket, croppedabove the waist and short-sleeved, for the Arizona nights had been unusually chilly.• Half-plate pictures, if they are well cropped before being sent out, are equally acceptable.• During the 1970s and 1980s, treatment centers cropped up all over the nation.• Nationally, nearly 50 scooterclubs have cropped up, and scooter runs are held regularly in nearly every state.• However, business lunches may crop up from time to time - and also evening invitations which involve dining at restaurants.• The same species seem to crop up repeatedly.• Once some one has established themselves as being the right sort of chap, then their name crops up time and again.• At that time one of those coincidences, which so often appear in life, cropped up.closely cropped• She was elderly, short, and rather stout, with iron-grey hair closely cropped.• His hair was closely cropped, giving no concessions to the fashionable long-haired malecoiffures which he had once enjoyed.• The gaunt faces beneath closely cropped heads and the young faces on emaciated bodies had began to assume form and substance.From Longman Business Dictionarycropcrop /krɒpkrɑːp/ noun [countable]FARMING1a plant such as wheat, rice, or fruit that is grown by farmers in order to be eaten or used in industryThe main crop in China is rice.the cotton crop2the amount of wheat, rice, fruit etc that is produced in a seasonWheat farmers have had a record crop this year. →cash crop →subsistence crop