English version

demand

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Related topics: Economics
demandde‧mand1 /dɪˈmɑːnd $ dɪˈmænd/ ●●● S2 W1 noun  1 [singular, uncountable]PE the need or desire that people have for particular goods and services Production is increasing faster than demand.demand for the demand for new housingin demand (=wanted) As a speaker he was always in demand. supply and demand2 [countable]ASK FOR something/ASK somebody TO DO something a very firm request for something that you believe you have the right to get demonstrations in support of the nationalists’ demandsdemand for their demand for higher salariesdemand that demands that he should resign3 demands4 popular demand5 on demandCOLLOCATIONSADJECTIVES/NOUN + demandhigh (=a lot of people want something)Demand for housing is higher than ever.low (=not many people want something)Recently the demand for new cars has been relatively low.a big demandThere’s always a big demand for photographs of celebrities.a great/huge demand (=very big)There is a huge demand for business software and services.increased/increasing/growing demandOne of the problems is the growing demand for housing.falling demand (=decreasing)the falling demand for coalconsumer demand (=the desire of consumers to buy goods)Consumer demand for new technology is strong.verbsmeet/satisfy demand (=supply as much as people need or want)There are reports that the company cannot produce enough to meet demand.keep up with demand (also keep pace with demand) (=satisfy the demand)Public funding for higher education has not kept up with demand.cope with demand (=satisfy demand)The existing services were not capable of coping with the demand for advice.increase/boost demandA very hard winter boosted the demand for natural gas.reduce demandHigher interest rates reduce the demand for credit.demand rises/increasesDemand for energy has continued to rise.demand falls (=becomes lower)Demand for the products has fallen in the last six months.phrasesbe much in demand (also be in great demand) (=be wanted by a lot of people)Fuel-efficient cars are now much in demand.supply outstrips/exceeds demand (=more is available than people need or want)In the 1980s, the supply of grain far exceeded the demand.a lack of demandMany factories closed through lack of demand.a surge in demand (=a sudden increase)There’s often a surge in demand for the Internet at the weekend.
Examples from the Corpus
demandA demand from your boss that you babysit his children is clearly unreasonable.Some working moms worry about the conflicting demands of home and job.In short, there is a I 5,000-bushel shortage of or excess demand for, corn.Kallay returned to his original demands for the release of comrades from prison, and the resignation of the Sierra Leone government.The government has refused the rebels' demand to release their leader from prison.The union's demand for an 8% across-the-board increase is still under consideration.The kidnappers made several demands in their telephone call to police.A list of the students' demands was presented to the dean of the law school.This growth is necessary to mitigate the supply / demand imbalance and for the continued economic health of the region.The desire is great because the demands for knowing in life are so great.Recessions often start because the demand for credit falls.Though land is theoretically very expensive there, the recession has cut the demand.It follows that their demand for bank deposits is also growing at twice the rate of growth of nominal income.With demand for short and medium term paper picking up, most issues registered gains of up to £3/4.demand forGlover faced a demand for his resignation.There isn't much demand for leaded gasoline anymore.demand thatHis indignation frequently boiled over to a point where he thought and demanded that a libel writ should be issued.Prestige, if nothing else, demanded that it be entered into with due pomp and circumstance.The work of individuation, however, demands that one should not be compulsively affected in this way.But Eliades is demanding that pot, plus Lewis' fight fee of around £5m, is frozen by a court judge.For their part, opposition leaders demanded that Mr Fujimori step down immediately in favour of a transition government.Administrators finally bowed to demands that the university be renamed.Giving up his five wives and dozen concubines, Vladimir demanded that all his subjects in Kiev become baptized.We demanded that every student who took part in the protest be granted amnesty.The polyester products maker attributed the forecast to weak world-wide demand that has lowered production volumes and increased manufacturing costs.
demanddemand2 ●●● W2 verb [transitive]  1 INSISTto ask for something very firmly, especially because you think you have a right to do this Angry demonstrators demanded the resignation of two senior officials.demand to know/see/have etc something I demand to know what’s going on.demand that They demanded that the military government free all political prisoners.demand something of somebody It seemed that no matter what she did, more was demanded of her. ‘Where are you going?’ she demanded angrily.see thesaurus at ask, insist2 NEEDif one thing demands another, it needs that thing in order to happen or be done successfully Too many things demanded his attention at the same time. It’s a desperate situation demanding a desperate remedy.GRAMMAR: Patterns with demandYou demand something: I demand an explanation!You demand to do something: She demanded to see the manager.In everyday English, you demand that someone does something: I demand that he apologizes.In formal English, you demand that someone do something, using the base form of the verb (=the infinitive without ‘to’): His opponents are demanding that he resign. Don’t say: demand someone to do somethingYou use the base form of the verb when talking about the past: They demanded that he resign. In everyday English, people also say: They demanded that he resigned.You demand that someone should do something: His opponents demanded that he should resign. This pattern is often used in the past, when reporting what someone has demanded.→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
demandThe evidence demanded a long time for Earth processes to have had any effect in carving mountains and accumulating sediment.Stopped controversially in their first battle, Razor demanded a second go at Tyson.The chief demanded a thorough investigation into the murder.Both exchange and mutuality however, demand additional discipline for success.How dare you say that! I demand an apology.The laboratory was surrounded by protesters demanding an end to the animal experiments.I demand an explanation for your appalling behaviour.I caught Alice going through my letters and demanded an immediate explanation."Did you do this?" Kathryn demanded angrily.Waster and the beggars scorned poor food and demanded better, fine bread instead of that with beans in it and well-cooked meat.Parents are demanding greater control over their children's education.The baby demands most of Cindy's time.The receivers are informed that they are not allowed to ask questions nor to demand repeats of words or phrases.One of the men brandished a jagged-edge Bowie knife and demanded that 25-year-old Julie handed over her handbag containing £95.Realizing that her husband had deceived her, she demanded that he tell her the whole truth.State health inspectors have demanded that the city act immediately to clean the water supply.You should demand that they finish the job now, not some time in August.Just go to the dry cleaners, show them the dress, and demand that they pay for the damage.The President demanded the release of the hostages.Daley demanded to know why the police had not been called in to stop the rioting.The guards demanded to see her I.D. before they allowed her in the building.The police officer made Neil get out of the car and demanded to see his driver's licence.demand to know/see/have etc somethingEven before Urquhart could demand to know what on earth he thought he was doing, the babbling commenced.He kept demanding to know how it got there.Lifting the phone from the desk, he demanded to know what was going on.Once in a while she sent food back to the kitchen and demanded to see the cook.One day Mulholland was approached by a man in a carriage who demanded to know his name and what he was doing.Paxon specifically demanded to know whether Rep.She saw an empty space on the walls and demanded to know where the picture was.The sheriff demanded to know how the solicitor had got hold of a confidential social inquiry report.demanded ... attentionBut other things have demanded her attention.Far and Middle Eastern issues similarly demanded attention.Her face kept swimming forward, her eyes demanded attention.It was true that a major problem had just cropped up which demanded immediate attention.Some of the men demanded as much attention.Too many things demanded his attention at the same rime.They demanded attention, more photography, and the remainder of the party drew further away.They demanded attention which it was not humanly possible to give.
From Longman Business Dictionarydemandde‧mand /dɪˈmɑːnddɪˈmænd/ noun [uncountable]ECONOMICS1the amount of spending on goods and services by companies and people in a particular economyDemand in the US economy generated 23 million new jobs during the 1990s.2the total amount of a type of goods or services that people or companies buy in a particular period of timedemand forLower interest rates did nothing to increase demand for loans to buy houses.There was a very strong demand for jeans and T-shirts over the last month.Chrysler said its Jeep plant won’t operate next week because of weak demand.3the total amount of a type of goods or services that people or companies would buy if they were availablePower companies have been forced to reduce voltage when demand exceeded available supplies during extreme cold or hot spells.Demand for phone service in Thailand far outstrips the supply with back orders totaling about one million.4law of demand the idea that the more something costs, the less demand for it there is aggregate demand consumer demand cyclical demand derived demand domestic demand elastic demand excess demand global demand inelastic demand institutional demand market demand primary demand selective demand see also elasticity of demand, on demand
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Verb table
demand
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theydemand
he, she, itdemands
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theydemanded
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave demanded
he, she, ithas demanded
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad demanded
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill demand
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have demanded
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam demanding
he, she, itis demanding
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you, we, theyare demanding
Past
I, he, she, itwas demanding
you, we, theywere demanding
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been demanding
he, she, ithas been demanding
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been demanding
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be demanding
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been demanding
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