English version

dictate

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Related topics: Offices
dictatedic‧tate1 /dɪkˈteɪt $ ˈdɪkteɪt/ ●○○ verb 🔊 🔊 1 [intransitive, transitive]BBOSAY to say words for someone else to write downdictate a letter/memo etc to somebody 🔊 She’s dictating a letter to her secretary right now.2 [intransitive, transitive]TELL/ORDER somebody TO DO something to tell someone exactly what they must do or how they must behavedictate to 🔊 The media cannot be allowed to dictate to the government.dictate who/what/how etc 🔊 Can they dictate how the money will be spent? 🔊 Federal funds have to be used as dictated by Washington.dictate that 🔊 Islamic custom dictates that women should be fully covered. 🔊 The US government attempted to dictate the terms of the agreement.3 [transitive]CONTROL to control or influence something syn determinedictate what/how etc 🔊 Funds dictate what we can do.dictate that 🔊 The laws of physics dictate that what goes up must come down. 🔊 The massive publicity dictated a response from the city government.COLLOCATIONSMeaning 3: to control or influence somethingnounscommon sense dictates somethingCommon sense dictates that you should avoid too much sun.circumstances dictate somethingCircumstances dictated that I had to wait nearly two years.custom/tradition dictates somethingOn the island, custom still dictates the roles of men and women.fashion dictates somethingFashion has been dictating that women should wear black for years now.logic dictates somethingLogic dictates that this must be the right answer.laws/rules dictate somethingFederal laws dictate how land can be used.
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Examples from the Corpus
dictateMilton had two or was it three daughters and they wrote down his poems as he dictated.The contracts are dictated by the HMOs, and that makes for some very ragged edges.Built between 1283 and 1289, the castle's shape is dictated by the very rock on which it stands.Your parents have no right to dictate how you should spend your money.All or some of the labels can be dictated or, for beginning students, the labels may simply be copied.Fashion designers no longer dictate skirt lengths.Previously, the Constitution dictated that the President was head of the army.The need to survive, which always dictates the moral standards of society, once more underlined the role of the women.She refused to be dictated to by some stupid official in Washington.At least once a week we were tested on our ability to copy correctly a literary passage dictated to us.The amount of funds we receive dictates what we can do.dictate a letter/memo etc to somebodyThe pastor called in his secretary and dictated a letter to Scott saying he and the elders would meet him.The moment Gerald got back to Hull he dictated a letter to the Foreign Office.dictate the termsThe state will always dictate the terms of the relationship.dictate thatBest practice in the conservation studios dictates that all repairs should be clearly visible.Human beings are going to resist cultural dictates that are too inconsistent with their innate desires.Sophisticated graphics and multimedia software for games and educational programs dictate that consumer machines have plenty of muscle.I do the staff work because my boss dictates that I do it.The country dictated that Operation Cuckoo be abandoned.Previously, the Constitution dictated that the President was head of the army.Then he dictated that thousands more relocate there.At some point the size of the enterprise may dictate that you think commercially rather than in terms of self-reliance.
dictatedic‧tate2 /ˈdɪkteɪt/ noun [countable] 🔊 🔊 TELL/ORDER somebody TO DO somethingan order, rule, or principle that you have to obeydictate of 🔊 teenagers following the dictates of fashion
Examples from the Corpus
dictateHuman beings are going to resist cultural dictates that are too inconsistent with their innate desires.When I was very young, the things I wanted to do were not permitted by social dictates.The city's policy clearly violates the dictates of the Fair Labor Standards Act.
From Longman Business Dictionarydictatedic‧tate1 /dɪkˈteɪtˈdɪkteɪt/ verb [transitive] to say words for someone else to write downWhen Laurie got back to the office, she dictated a letter to Stewart.dictation noun [uncountable]Many computers can take voice-activated dictation.→ See Verb tabledictatedic‧tate2 /ˈdɪkteɪt/ noun [countable] formal an order, rule, or principle that you have to obeyIndividual EU countries are free to follow their own dictates on matters concerning the economy.
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Verb table
dictate
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theydictate
he, she, itdictates
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theydictated
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave dictated
he, she, ithas dictated
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad dictated
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill dictate
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have dictated
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam dictating
he, she, itis dictating
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you, we, theyare dictating
Past
I, he, she, itwas dictating
you, we, theywere dictating
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been dictating
he, she, ithas been dictating
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been dictating
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be dictating
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been dictating
> View Less