English version

discipline

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishdisciplinedis‧ci‧pline1 /ˈdɪsɪplɪn/ ●●○ S3 W3 noun 🔊 🔊 1 [uncountable]OBEY a way of training someone so that they learn to control their behaviour and obey rules 🔊 The book gives parents advice on discipline. 🔊 serious discipline problems in the police force2 [uncountable]CONTROL the ability to control your own behaviour, so that you do what you are expected to do 🔊 Working from home requires a good deal of discipline. self-discipline3 [countable, uncountable]CONTROLLEARN a way of training your mind or learning to control your behaviour 🔊 Martial arts teach respect, discipline, and cooperation.discipline for 🔊 Learning poetry is a good discipline for the memory.4 [countable]SUBJECT an area of knowledge or teaching, especially one such as history, chemistry, mathematics etc that is studied at a universityCOLLOCATIONSADJECTIVES/NOUN + disciplinegood/strong/firm discipline (=clear rules that people understand and must obey)Without good discipline in a school, the standard of teaching suffers.strict discipline (=very firm and not always reasonable or kind)Some parents complained about the school's strict discipline.poor discipline (=not enough clear and firm rules)Problems tend to arise in families where there is poor discipline.school disciplinea government report into how to improve school disciplinemilitary discipline (=the kind of strict discipline imposed in the army)I hated the army and the routine of military discipline.verbskeep discipline (also maintain discipline formal) (=make people obey the rules)A good teacher knows how to maintain discipline.enforce discipline (=make people obey the rules, especially by using punishment)It is entirely for your own good that we enforce discipline.phrasesa lack of disciplineThe principal never tolerated a lack of discipline.a breach of discipline formal (=an act of not obeying the rules)Being absent without permission was a breach of discipline. discipline + NOUNa discipline problem (=a problem with the students' behaviour in a school)Successful schools have fewer discipline problems.
Examples from the Corpus
disciplineDisciplines such as yoga improve mental and physical fitness.History and economics only became separate academic disciplines in the 20th century.The traditional academic disciplines are less popular among students, who now prefer subjects such as business studies.Most of us were brought up to accept discipline, and to discipline ourselves.Differences between disciplines are not, of course, hard and fast even though, at times, they can become crucial.Employees who joined the strike face discipline.Many schools are lacking in discipline.To make more out of it may require a tremendous amount of creative work within the individual disciplines.Today such inferences about the origins of language can draw on a vast assemblage of data and hypotheses in neighbouring disciplines.He certainly doesn't have to submit to normal disciplines!a new artificial intelligence project involving researchers from a wide range of disciplinesEach distinctive type should be subject to a rigorous set of explicit rules of discipline.Windell's book gives parents advice on discipline.The lack of party discipline can lead to some extraordinary ticket splitting.Why not drop the discipline of mandatory celibacy?discipline problemsPassive-aggressive children are rarely viewed as discipline problems by school authorities, since their hostility toward authority is so indirect.Did they tend to be the students who caused discipline problems in the classroom?Thus, the overwhelming majority of work-inhibited students are not considered discipline problems.Schools of choice have lower dropout rates, fewer discipline problems, better student attitudes, and higher teacher satisfaction.It was also a period when discipline problems were appearing in the rear and were widely re-ported in the press.The school Littky came to was plagued with discipline problems.
disciplinediscipline2 ●○○ verb [transitive] 🔊 🔊 1 PUNISHto punish someone in order to keep order and control 🔊 The officers were later disciplined.2 OBEYCONTROLto teach someone to obey rules and control their behaviour 🔊 Different cultures have different ways of disciplining their children.3 discipline yourself (to do something)→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
disciplineEven when Morton and Collins started fighting on the field, neither player was disciplined.The international financial markets stand ready to discipline and expose fraudulent governments.Disciplining children takes patience and consistency.Six workers were disciplined last year for not doing their jobs.Anyone who is regularly late for work is likely to be disciplined or dismissed.Are we prepared to discipline ourselves to restrictions and regulations that we feel we ought to impose for our own good?Officers are expected to discipline soldiers who do not keep their uniforms in good condition.Sparta disciplined the Phukians, but found herself in a trap.
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Verb table
discipline
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theydiscipline
he, she, itdisciplines
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theydisciplined
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave disciplined
he, she, ithas disciplined
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad disciplined
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill discipline
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have disciplined
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam disciplining
he, she, itis disciplining
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you, we, theyare disciplining
Past
I, he, she, itwas disciplining
you, we, theywere disciplining
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been disciplining
he, she, ithas been disciplining
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been disciplining
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be disciplining
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been disciplining
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