English version

discourage

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishdiscouragedis‧cour‧age /dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ $ -ˈkɜːr-/ ●●○ verb [transitive] 🔊 🔊 1 PREVENTto persuade someone not to do something, especially by making it seem difficult or bad opp encourage 🔊 attempts to discourage illegal immigrationdiscourage somebody from doing something 🔊 My father is a lawyer, and he discouraged me from entering the field.GrammarYou say: She discouraged me from going. Don’t say: She discouraged me to go.2 PERSUADEto make someone less confident or less willing to do something syn demoralize opp encourage 🔊 You should not let one failure discourage you.3 to make something less likely to happen opp encourage 🔊 Aspirin may discourage tumour growth in some types of cancer.→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
discourageLeave the lights on when you're out in order to discourage burglars.The complexities of scheduling thousands of students for individual courses discourage change.It is a well known fact that a negative working environment discourages creativity.The air filled with the strong scent of herbs being burned to discourage elemental spirits.If this report that the army is planning a coup is serious, then the army must be discouraged from doing that.Girls are sometimes discouraged from studying subjects like engineering and physics.Put the plant in a cold room to discourage growth.Although the troubles in the financial markets have made his cautious, Reid said they haven't discouraged him.Higher taxes are likely to discourage investment.What discouraged me most was our lack of progress in the pay negotiations.These things are not written under any feeling of discouragement, much less to discourage others.Higher cigarette prices do not seem to discourage people from smoking.The cameras should discourage shoplifters.We need to discourage the use of cars for short journeys.Fourth, the fund may lack the accounting systems and performance measurement techniques to incorporate futures, so discouraging their use.At the very least your notes should not discourage you in this aim.Trying to lose weight fast will only discourage you.discourage somebody from doing somethingSchools discourage youngsters from being involved in gangs.
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Verb table
discourage
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theydiscourage
he, she, itdiscourages
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theydiscouraged
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave discouraged
he, she, ithas discouraged
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad discouraged
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill discourage
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have discouraged
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam discouraging
he, she, itis discouraging
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you, we, theyare discouraging
Past
I, he, she, itwas discouraging
you, we, theywere discouraging
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been discouraging
he, she, ithas been discouraging
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been discouraging
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be discouraging
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been discouraging
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