English version

drill

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishdrilldrill1 /drΙͺl/ ●●○ noun πŸ”Š πŸ”Š 1 drill.jpg TOOL[countable]TZ a tool or machine used for making holes in something πŸ”Š an electric drill πŸ”Š a whine like a dentist’s drill β†’ pneumatic drill2 WAY OF LEARNING[countable]SESLEARN a method of teaching students, sports players etc something by making them repeat the same lesson, exercise etc many times πŸ”Š a pronunciation drill3 β†’ fire/emergency drill4 MILITARY TRAINING[uncountable]PMA military training in which soldiers practise marching, using weapons etc πŸ”Š rifle drill5 β†’ the drill6 CLOTH[uncountable]TIM a type of strong cotton cloth7 SEEDS[countable] a) TACa machine for planting seeds in rows b) TACa row of seeds planted by a machine
Examples from the Corpus
drillβ€’ Loudspeakers soon announced that the warning was just part of a drill.β€’ The basic programs also offer games, dictation exercises and drills.β€’ Essentially the course comprises sequences of language drills.β€’ a marching drillβ€’ multiplication drillsβ€’ Experiment with a variety of drills in natural situations until you find the combination which is the most productive for you.β€’ At 100 decibels, the level produced by a chain saw or pneumatic drill, the allowable exposure is three hours.β€’ During grammar school, I faint every time we have an air raid drill.β€’ a dentist's drillβ€’ Separate drills need to be set up for each noun class to learn its associated affixes.β€’ Then we collected our rifles from the armoury for our first lesson in shooting drill.
drilldrill2 ●●○ verb πŸ”Š πŸ”Š 1 [intransitive, transitive]TITPG to make a hole in something using a drill πŸ”Š Drill a hole in each corner.drill into/through πŸ”Š He accidentally drilled into a water pipe.drill for oil/water/gas etc πŸ”Š BP has been licensed to drill for oil in the area.2 [transitive]SESPRACTISE/PRACTICE to teach students, sports players etc by making them repeat the same lesson, exercise etc many timesdrill somebody in something πŸ”Š She was drilling the class in the forms of the past tense.drill somebody to do something πŸ”Š I acted instinctively because I had been trained and drilled to do just that. πŸ”Š The crew were well drilled in handling emergency situations.3 [transitive]PMA to train soldiers to march or perform other military actions πŸ”Š The sergeant was drilling the new recruits.4 [transitive]TAC to plant seeds in rows using a machine β†’ drill down β†’ drill something into somebodyβ†’ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
drillβ€’ Tannins, another kind of organic molecule, are used in the oil industry to make muds easier to drill.β€’ They hammered and plowed and drilled.β€’ If we drill a borehole into the aquifer the groundwater will be under sufficient pressure to overflow from the borehole.β€’ A third well has also been drilled and is currently being completed, and Pogo has plans to drill a fourth well.β€’ I heard the dentist start drilling, but I couldn't feel anything.β€’ Oil companies still drill for oil off Santa Barbara.β€’ It sounds like someone's drilling into the wall.β€’ We'll have to drill some holes here to put up the shelves.β€’ In the process, some 2,000 miles of tunnels were drilled through the mountains.drill for oil/water/gas etcβ€’ They might drill for oil and come up dry.drill somebody in somethingβ€’ The game is designed to drill children in the letters of the alphabet.
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Verb table
drill
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theydrill
he, she, itdrills
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theydrilled
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave drilled
he, she, ithas drilled
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad drilled
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill drill
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have drilled
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam drilling
he, she, itis drilling
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you, we, theyare drilling
Past
I, he, she, itwas drilling
you, we, theywere drilling
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been drilling
he, she, ithas been drilling
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been drilling
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be drilling
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been drilling
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