drugdrug1 /drʌɡ/ ●●●S2W1 noun [countable] 🔊 🔊 1MDDan illegalsubstance such as marijuana or cocaine, which some people take in order to feel happy, relaxed, or excited 🔊 A lot of young people start taking drugs at school. 🔊 She always looks as though she’s on drugs (=taking drugs). 🔊 Jimi Hendrix died of a drug overdose.2MDa medicine, or a substance for making medicines 🔊 a drug used in the treatment of cancerdrug for 🔊 new drugs for AIDS-related conditions 🔊 Drugs prescribed (=ordered for people) by doctors can be extremely hazardous if used in the wrong way. 🔊 The big drug companies make huge profits.3a substance that people doing a sport sometimes take illegally to improve their performance 🔊 She was banned from the Olympics after failing a drug test (=a test that shows if you have taken drugs).performance-enhancing drugs4[usually singular] a substance such as tobacco, coffee, or alcohol, that makes you want more and more of it5 →be (like) a drug → miracle drugat miracle(3)COLLOCATIONSverbstake/use drugsI think I took drugs to escape my problems.do drugs informal (=take drugs)All my friends were doing drugs.be on drugs (=take drugs regularly)It can be very hard to tell if your teenager is on drugs.be addicted to drugs/dependent on drugs (=be unable to stop taking drugs)People who are addicted to drugs need help.be/get hooked on drugs informal (=be/get addicted)She got hooked on drugs, and ended up homeless.experiment with drugs (=try taking drugs)She admitted that she had experimented with drugs.come off/get off drugs (=stop taking drugs permanently)It was years before I was able to come off drugs.deal (in) drugs (also supply drugs formal) (=sell drugs)He’s in jail for dealing drugs.inject drugs (=use a needle to put drugs into your body)People who share equipment for injecting drugs are at risk of contracting HIV.be high on drugs (=be experiencing the effects of a drug)He committed the crime while he was high on drugs.drug + NOUNdrug use/abuse (=taking drugs)She is being treated for drug abuse.a drug user (=someone who takes drugs)We set up a counselling service for drug users.drug addiction (=the problem of not being able to stop taking drugs)his struggles with alcoholism and drug addictiona drug addict (=someone who cannot stop taking drugs)At 20 Steve was a drug addict, unemployed and lonely.a drug problem (=the problem of being addicted to drugs)His daughter has a drug problem.a drug overdose (=taking too much of a drug at one time)She died from a drug overdose.a drug dealer/pusher (=someone who sells drugs)The city's streets are full of drug dealers.a drug trafficker/smuggler (=someone involved in bringing drugs into a country)US efforts against drug traffickersdrug trafficking/smuggling (=the crime of bringing drugs into a country)The maximum penalty for drug smuggling was 25 years in jail.the drug tradethe international drug tradethe war on drugs (=a long struggle by the authorities to control drugs)The war on drugs continues.a drug charge (=a legal accusation that someone is guilty of having or selling drugs)He’s awaiting trial on a drug charge.a drug offence (=a crime related to having or selling drugs)Luciani is serving 20 years for drug offences.adjectivesillegal drugsA lot of crime is connected to illegal drugs.hard drugs (also class A drugs British English) (=strong drugs such as heroin, cocaine etc)He was in prison for dealing hard drugs.soft drugs (=less strong drugs such as marijuana)Soft drugs are legal in some countries.recreational drugs (=taken for pleasure)Ecstasy was first used in Britain as a recreational drug in the 1980s.designer drugs (=produced artificially from chemicals)Designer drugs are highly addictive and can have unpredictable side effects.COMMON ERRORS ► Don’t say ‘light drugs’. Say soft drugs. Instead of ‘heavy drugs’, you usually say hard drugs.
drugdrug2 verb (drugged, drugging) [transitive] 🔊 🔊 1MDto give a person or animal a drug, especially in order to make them feel tired or go to sleep, or to make them perform well in a race 🔊 Johnson drugged and attacked four women. 🔊 There was no evidence that the horse had been drugged.2MDHARM/BE BAD FORto put drugs in someone’s food or drink in order to make them feel tired or go to sleep syn spike 🔊 The wine had been drugged.3 →be drugged up to the eyeballs —drugged adjective→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
drug• We can't all be permanently drugged.• Collins says she was drugged and then raped on their first date.From Longman Business Dictionarydrugdrug /drʌg/ noun [countable]1a medicine or substance for making medicines SYN PHARMACEUTICALa drug used in the treatment of cancera drugs company →over-the-counter drug →prescription drug2an illegal substance that people take to make them feel happy or excitedThe business was secretly laundering drug money.