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From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Related topics: Illness & disability
etiologyet‧i‧ol‧o‧gy /ˌiːtiˈɒlədʒi, $ -ˈɑːlə-/ noun [countable, uncountable]  technicalMI the cause of a disease or the scientific study of thisetiological /ˌiːtiəˈlɒdʒɪkəl◂ $ -ˈlɑː-/ adjectiveetiologically /-kli/ adverb
Examples from the Corpus
etiologyActivities i. Establish the means for early, systematic evaluation of newly recognized pathogens or syndromes of probable infectious etiology.The authors concluded that genetic factors play a major role in the etiology of alcoholism in women.The etiology of these is uncertain.The etiology of this disorder may include alcoholism, malnutrition, or submassive hepatic necrosis.
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