English version

excess

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishexcessex‧cess1 /ɪkˈses, ˈekses/ ●●○ noun  1 [singular, uncountable]TOO/TOO MUCH a larger amount of something than is allowed or needed After you apply the oil, wait 20 minutes before wiping off any excess.excess of It was an excess of enthusiasm that caused the problem.2 in excess of something3 do something to excess4 excesses5 [uncountable]HARM/BE BAD FOR behaviour which is not acceptable because it is too extreme a long sermon against the dangers of excessCOLLOCATIONSMeaning 4: adjectivesworst excessesHe lived through some of the worst excesses of apartheid in South Africa.wild excesses (=very extreme behaviour)The Press Complaints Commission criticized the wilder excesses of tabloid journalism.verbscurb the excesses of something (=control or limit bad behaviour)A strong press can help to curb the excesses of government.commit excesses (=do very bad or immoral things, especially hurting or killing people in an unacceptable way)The excesses committed by a small number of soldiers have ruined the regiment's good name.perpetrate excesses formal (=commit them)Government forces used the situation as an excuse to perpetrate excesses against suspected rebels.
Examples from the Corpus
excessThey loll about in gorgeousness; they live for art; they believe in excess.Altogether, the totals are greatly in excess of available funds.The AFL-CIO also has spent in excess of $ 10 million to organize its election-year drive.His thirty-minute ramble was greatly appreciated by all present, as it enabled many to sleep off their pre-meal excess of Nettles.The '80s were a period of excess for many American businesses.The growth of a population results from the excess of births over deaths as well as the movement of people between regions or countries.At the same time, the excess is not merely eliminated.This excess of price over both marginal revenue and marginal cost is a convenient measure of the firm's monopoly power.If you must drink, do so to excess.excess ofThere is an excess of writer-actors in Los Angeles.
excessex‧cess2 /ˈekses/ ●●○ adjective [only before noun]  1 TOO/TOO MUCHadditional and not needed because there is already enough of something Cut any excess fat from the meat.2 excess baggage/luggage
Examples from the Corpus
excessIf the discount exceeds 20 percent, the excess amount of the discount allowed is considered a taxable wage.The airline charged me $75 for excess baggage.Studies show that excess doctors tend to generate extra tests, appointments, procedures and referrals.Cut any excess fat from the meat before cooking.Cut off the excess fat from the meat before cooking.In which case it will be able to re-discount the bill to similar institutions who have excess liquidity.The excess pounds had given him a double chin and a neck that made his shirt collar look too tight.Excess vitamin D can cause kidney damage in young children.The excess weight made him look as if he had one normal-sized face superimposed on a much larger one.
From Longman Business Dictionaryexcessex‧cess1 /ɪkˈses, ˈekses/ noun [countable, uncountable]1a larger amount of something than is allowed or neededHe told the Federal Assembly that the devaluation would compensate for an excess in public spending during the past nine months.2in excess of more than a particular amountships carrying in excess of 20,000 tonnes of cargo3INSURANCE a condition in an insurance policy that states that the insured person will pay a particular amount towards any damage and the insurance company will pay the rest. This condition makes people less likely to claim for small amountsThe insurance company will pay the insured value less the policy excess.excessex‧cess2 /ˈekses/ adjective [only before a noun]1additional and not wanted or needed because there is already enough of somethingAn excess supply of goods and services on the market will exert downward pressure on prices.2TRAVEL excess baggage/luggage bags or cases that weigh more than the limit the airline allows you to take on a planeAs I checked in at Baghdad airport, I found that I had 100kg of excess baggage.an excess baggage charge