English version

expend

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishexpendex‧pend /ɪkˈspend/ verb [transitive] 🔊 🔊 SPEND MONEYSPEND TIMEto use or spend a lot of energy etc in order to do somethingexpend energy/effort/time/resources etc 🔊 People of different ages expend different amounts of energy. 🔊 Manufacturers have expended a lot of time and effort trying to improve computer security.expend something in/on (doing) something 🔊 A great deal of time and money has been expended on creating a pleasant office atmosphere.→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
expendThe final result hardly justifies the amount of time and energy that has been expended.We expend a lot of effort every day upon quite pointless activities.To lose weight really effectively, you need to eat fewer calories than you expend each day and increase your activity level.As regions specialize and expend production, they can lower their average costs.Recovering from the energy expended, Stephane appreciated my translated comparison with the guidebook description of Curbar's Right Eliminate.If we consume more energy than we expend, the surplus is stored as fat.To liquefy them for storage in propellant tanks, a considerable amount of electrical energy must be expended to run refrigeration equipment.It can't afford to expend too much energy on a prey it's not certain of catching.Some expend tremendous energy desperately trying to stop the clock.Carrying small weights increases the calories you expend when walking for fitness.expend energy/effort/time/resources etcWhat we know less about is why some people expend energy in short bursts while others sustain much longer bursts.Deciding - consciously or not - to expend energy involves a choice and an assessment of the total energy available.To meet the target, managers were forced wastefully to expend resources on the most trivial complaints.When people are fighting against their environment, they are expending energy that would be better directed toward other goals.
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Verb table
expend
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theyexpend
he, she, itexpends
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyexpended
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave expended
he, she, ithas expended
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad expended
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill expend
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have expended
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam expending
he, she, itis expending
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you, we, theyare expending
Past
I, he, she, itwas expending
you, we, theywere expending
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been expending
he, she, ithas been expending
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been expending
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be expending
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been expending
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