Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1400-1500
Language: French
Origin: extrême, from Latin extremus 'most outward', from exter; EXTERNAL

extreme

1 adjective
     
ex‧treme1 S3 W3
1 [only before noun] very great in degree:
Extreme poverty still exists in many rural areas.
extreme care/caution
It is necessary to use extreme caution with chemicals.
extreme cold
He had extreme difficulty getting hold of the ingredients.
2 very unusual and severe or serious
extreme example/case
an extreme case of cruelty
Force is only justified in extreme circumstances.
3

extreme west/end/left etc

the part furthest to the west, nearest the end etc:
on the extreme edge of the cliff
4 extreme opinions, beliefs, or organizations, especially political ones, are considered by most people to be unacceptable and unreasonable:
extreme right-wing nationalists
5 [only before noun]

extreme sports/surfing/skiing etc

an extreme sport is one that is done in a way that has much more risk and so is more dangerous than an ordinary form of the sport
6

extreme athlete/surfer/skier etc

someone who does extreme sports:
Extreme surfers will ride waves that reach heights of more than fifty feet.

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