filefile1 /faɪl/ ●●●S1W2AWL noun [countable]1INFORMATIONa set of papers, records etc that contain information about a particular person or subjectfile onMendoza read over the file on the murders.The FBI keeps files on former White House employees.We will keep your details on file (=store them for later use).police/case/medical etc filea copy of the court file2KEEP/STOREa box or piece of foldedcard in which you storeloose papersShe pulled a blue file from the shelf.3INFORMATIONinformation on a computer that you store under a particular namea list of all the files and folders on your hard disk4TZa metaltool with a roughsurface that you rub on something to make it smooth →nail file5LINEa line of people who are standing or walking one behind the otherfile ofa file of soldiers marching in stepin fileIt was dark as we set off in file. →single file, rank and fileCOLLOCATIONS – Meaning 3: information on a computer that you store under a particular nameverbsopen a fileClick on the icon to open the file.close a fileYou may need to close the file and restart the computer.save a fileSave the file under a different filename.create a fileI created a file of useful contacts.delete a file (=remove it)I accidentally deleted the wrong file.access a file (=open or read it)You won’t be able to access the file if another user has opened it.edit a file (=make changes to it)I edited the file and saved it to the hard disk.copy a fileTo copy a file, save it using a new filename.move a fileHe was trying to move the file from one folder to another.transfer a file (=move it from one computer system to another)You can transfer files and share your stuff with friends.download a file (=move a copy of it from the Internet or another computer to your computer)It just takes a few seconds to download the file.upload a file (=move a copy of it from your computer to the Internet or another computer)Restart the web browser, and then upload the file.load a file (=put it onto a computer)Double-click on the icon and it will load the zip file onto your computer. send somebody a file (=send it using email)Do you want me to send you the file?attach a file (=send it with an email)Sorry, I forgot to attach the file.compress a file (=make it smaller so that it uses less space on a computer)The program allows you to compress files.NOUN + filea computer fileDelete some of the old computer files and create some space on the hard drive.a backup file (=a copy of a file, which is made in case the original becomes lost or damaged)You can burn your backup file to CD or DVD. a text fileThe text file contains hints on how to get the best out of the program.a data fileThe bigger the data file, the more time is needed to search it.a graphics fileThis handy utility allows you to change graphics files from one format to another.
filefile2 ●●○S3W3AWL verb1[transitive]KEEP/STORE to keep papers, documents etc in a particular place so that you can find them easilyThe contracts are filed alphabetically.file something under somethingI looked to see if anything was filed under my name.file something awayThe handbooks are filed away for future reference.2[transitive] to give or send an official report or news story to your employerThe officer left the scene without filing a report.3[intransitive always + adverb/preposition, transitive] lawRECORD to give a document to a court or other organization so that it can be officially recorded and dealt withfile a complaint/lawsuit/petition etc (against somebody)Mr Genoa filed a formal complaint against the department.file forThe Morrisons have filed for divorce.Today is the deadline for Americans to file their tax returns.4[intransitive always + adverb/preposition]LINE if people file somewhere, they walk there in a lineWe began to file out into the car park.The mourners filed past the coffin.5[intransitive always + adverb/preposition, transitive]TZD to use a metal or wooden tool to rub something in order to make it smoothFile down the sharp edges.She sat filing her nails.→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
file• Slawa filed a copy of the contract he'd signed.• Federalindictments have been returned against 47 defendants, and state charges have been filed against 77.• All the students' records are filed alphabetically.• On the other hand, some accountants say they will billclients if legal changes force them to file an amended return.• Once a complaint is received it is usually filed away and forgotten.• I filed away my notes and manuscripts.• SmithCoronafiles for Chapter 11.• Alice sat at her desk, filing her nails.• My father was, had cancer, he filed his claim, he had to wait his five months.• Barb, could you file these papers for me?• On Sept. 29,1995, an aggravatedbatteryincident report was filed with Metro-Dade Police.filed alphabetically• Each lexicalitem is given its own card and is filed alphabetically.• The reservation form and confirmationslip copy are then filed alphabetically in date of arrival order. 6.• These forms are filed alphabetically, the expiry date carefully noted and systematically cleared out after the expiry date has elapsed.filed for divorce• Danielle has since filed for divorce.• Flinn says this guylied to her, saying he was legally separated from his wife and had filed for divorce.• Like the dated documents that mark the summer Jerry and I filed for divorce.• Sam's split: Actor Ted Danson's wife has filed for divorce.• The very next day I saw a solicitor and filed for divorce.• They want us to believe irreconcilabledifferences are the reason she filed for divorce?• Though she has filed for divorce, Anne Mirretti, 38, asked the judge to have pity on her husband.• Packer has filed for divorce from his wife of 25 years.• But she filed for divorce in June last year after a series of violentrows.From Longman Business Dictionaryfilefile1 /faɪl/ noun [countable]1information about a person or subject that is kept by a company or other organizationI see from my files that we still have not received payment from you.A credit reference agency is a company which keeps files on individuals’ debt records.2on file if information is kept on file, it is kept so it can be used when it is neededWe will keep your application on file.3OFFICEa box or a cover made of heavy paper or plastic, used to store papers, letters, or documentsCopies of every letter are kept in a file to record what was agreed. →box file4COMPUTINGa collection of information on a computer that is stored under a particular nameBe careful not to delete (=remove) any important files.You might want to rename the file at a later date.Save a copy of the file to disk and send it to me. →data file →data interchange format file →log file →PDF file →PostScript file →program file →text file →web log file →zip filefilefile2 verb1[transitive] to keep or put papers with information on them in a particular place, so that you can find them easilyThe reservation form and confirmation slip are then filed alphabetically.2[transitive]ACCOUNTING to officially send your accounts to the authoritiesYou could be prosecuted for failing to file your accounts before February 28. → see alsopay and file3[intransitive, transitive]LAW to officially record a complaint, law case, official document etcChevron filed a lawsuit to remove Pennzoil as a shareholder.America’s federal bankruptcy code was rewritten in order to make it easier tofile for bankruptcy (=inform the authorities that a business is bankrupt).→ See Verb table