Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1300-1400
Language: French
Origin: finir, from Latin finire, from finis 'end'

finish

1 verb
     
fin‧ish1 S1 W2
1

stop doing something

also finish off [intransitive and transitive] to complete the last part of something that you are doing:
You can't go anywhere until you've finished your homework.
Have you finished that book yet?
finish doing something
I finished typing the report just minutes before it was due.
'How's the decorating going?' 'We've nearly finished.'
2

end

[intransitive] especially British English when an event, activity, or period of time finishes, it ends, especially at a particular time:
The football season finishes in May.
What time does school finish?
3

eat/drink

also finish up/off [transitive] to eat or drink all the rest of something, so there is none left:
I'll just finish my coffee.
4

end something by doing something

also finish off [intransitive and transitive] to complete an event, performance, piece of work etc by doing one final thing
finish with
The party finished with a sing-song.
finish (something) by doing something
I would like to finish by thanking you all for your help.
5

race

[intransitive and transitive] to be in a particular position at the end of a race, competition etc
finish first/second/third etc
He finished second in the 100 metres, behind Ben Johnson.
6

take away somebody's strength

also finish off [transitive] to take away all of someone's strength, energy etc [= do somebody in]:
Another run like that would just about finish me.
7

use all of something

[intransitive and transitive] British English to completely use up the supply of something, especially food:
The ice cream's finished - can you get some more?
8

put/add the finishing touches (to something)

to add the final details that make your work complete:
The band are putting the finishing touches to their new album.
9

surface

[transitive] to give the surface of something, especially wood, a smooth appearance by painting, polishing, or covering it:
The furniture had been attractively finished in a walnut veneer.

finish off

phrasal verb
1

finish something ↔ off

to complete the last part of something that you are doing:
It'll take me a couple of hours to finish this job off.
2

finish something ↔ off

to use or eat all of something, so there is none left:
Who finished off the cake?
3 to complete an event, performance, piece of work etc by doing one final thing
finish off with
We'll finish off with a track from Adam's new album.
finish something ↔ off
She finished off her speech by thanking her sponsors.
finish off/finish something ↔ off by doing something
Finish off by cleaning the monitor and the keyboard.
4

finish somebody/something ↔ off

to kill a person or animal when they are already weak or wounded
5

finish somebody ↔ off

to take away all of someone's strength, energy etc

finish up

phrasal verb
1 British English informal to arrive at a particular place, after going to other places first [= end up]:
I took a long holiday in Italy and finished up in Rome.
2 British English informal to get into a particular state or situation as the result of what you have done, especially without planning or expecting it [= end up]:
He tried to bribe a police officer and finished up in jail.
finish up with
Brett got into a fight and finished up with a broken wrist.
3

finish something ↔ up

to eat or drink all the rest of something, so there is none left:
Come on, finish up your drinks!

finish with something/somebody

phrasal verb
1

have/be finished with something

to no longer need to use something:
Have you finished with the scissors?
2

have/be finished with somebody

to have finished talking to someone or dealing with them, especially when you are angry with them or want to punish them:
Don't go. I haven't finished with you yet.
'When I'm finished with you,' he said, 'you'll be lucky if you're still alive.'
3 to end a romantic or sexual relationship with someone:
So I told him I wanted to finish with him.

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