English version

first-hand

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishfirst-handˌfirst-ˈhand (also firsthand) /ˌfɜːstˈhænd $ ˌfɜːrst-/ adjective [only before noun] 🔊 🔊 first-hand experience/knowledge/account etcfirst-hand adverb 🔊 experience gained first-hand (at) first hand at first1(8)
Examples from the Corpus
first-handThis letter remains the only first-hand account of life on the island in the 17th century.Such beliefs are born out of first-hand experience and second-hand stories.This understanding needs to be informed, up-to-date and backed by first-hand experience, not based on hearsay or second-hand impressions.I had first-hand experience of that.Millions of people across the world have first-hand experience of what it can do.Clara knew from first-hand experience that living in a foreign country would be difficult.International research tends to involve analyzing international data, rather than acquiring first-hand knowledge about international operations in other countries.Besides, the people of Waterloo had first-hand knowledge of the advantages of public ownership.Giving your children a first-hand look at your work can have a significant impact on their career aspirations.
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