From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishforfor1 /fə; strong fɔː $ fər strong fɔːr/ ●●●S1W1 preposition 🔊 🔊 1PROVIDEused to say who is intended to get or use something, or where something is intended to be used 🔊 I’ve got a present for you. 🔊 Someone left a message for Vicky. 🔊 an English course for foreign students 🔊 We need a new battery for the radio. 🔊 These chairs are for the office.2INSTEADin order to help someone or something 🔊 I looked after the kids for them. 🔊 Let me carry that bag for you. 🔊 The doctor knew that there was nothing he could do for her. 🔊 Charles died fighting for his country. 🔊 What can I do for you (=used to ask a customer if you can help them)?3PURPOSEused to say what the purpose of an object, action etc isfor doing something 🔊 a knife for cutting bread 🔊 What did you do that for? 🔊 I’ve bought him a watch for his birthday. 🔊 the documents prepared for his defenceGRAMMAR: Comparisonfor doing something• You say that something is for doing a particular thing: This is for pulling up weeds.✗Don’t say: This is for to pull up weeds.in order to do something• You say that someone does something in order to do a particular thing: They borrowed money in order to build up the business.✗Don’t say: They needed money for to build up the business.to do something• You say that someone does something to do a particular thing: She went downtown to do some shopping.✗Don’t say: She went downtown for to do some shopping.4PURPOSEin order to have, do, get, or obtain something 🔊 Are you waiting for the bus? 🔊 the qualifications necessary for a career in broadcasting 🔊 Mother was too ill to get up for dinner. 🔊 I paid $3 for a ticket. 🔊 For further details, write to this address. 🔊 Let’s go for a walk.5TIME/HOW LONGused to say how long an action or situation continues for 🔊 Bake the cake for 40 minutes. 🔊 We had been talking for a good half hour. 🔊 He’s been off work for a while.6DISTANCEused to talk about distance 🔊 We walked for miles. 🔊 Factories stretch for quite a way along the canal.7TIME THAT IS PLANNEDif something is arranged for a particular time, it is planned that it should happen then 🔊 I’ve invited them for 9 o'clock. 🔊 A meeting was arranged for 18th May.8TOWARDSused to say where a person, vehicle etc is going 🔊 I set off for work. 🔊 the train for Manchester 🔊 A few days later she would be leaving for New York.9COSTused to say what the price or value of something is 🔊 a cheque for a hundred pounds 🔊 The diamond was insured for two thousand dollars.10BECAUSEbecause of or as a result of something 🔊 If, for any reason, you cannot attend, please inform us. 🔊 We could hardly see for the mist. 🔊 You’ll feel better for a break.for doing something 🔊 a reward for making good progress 🔊 Campbell was arrested for dangerous driving.11ABOUTused to say which thing or person your statement or question is related to 🔊 I’m sure she’s the ideal person for the job. 🔊 The questions on this paper are too difficult for 10-year-olds. 🔊 Are you all right for money? 🔊 Fortunately for him, he can swim.12used to say which person or thing your feelings are directed towards 🔊 I came away feeling sorry for poor old George. 🔊 My deep love for him still remains. 🔊 They show no respect for authority.13used to say at which meal you eat something 🔊 We had pasta for lunch.14CONNECTED WITHused to say which company, team etc you belong to 🔊 I’ve worked for the BBC ever since I left university. 🔊 Deborah used to play for the A team. 🔊 He writes for a weekly paper.15SUPPORT A PERSON, GROUP, OR PLANsupporting or in agreement with something or someone 🔊 We have studied the arguments for and against nuclear energy. 🔊 How many people voted for the proposal? 🔊 Three cheers for the captain.be all for (doing) something (=support something very much) 🔊 I’m all for giving people more freedom.16MEANINGused to say what a word or signmeans 🔊 What’s the French word for ‘happy’? 🔊 Red is for danger.17THINK ABOUTused to say that a particular quality of someone or something is surprising when you consider what they are 🔊 She looks young for her age. 🔊 It’s cold for July.18as a representative of other people 🔊 Paisley claims to speak for the majority of local people.19used to say what is possible, difficult, necessary, unusual etcfor somebody/something to do something 🔊 It’s unusual for Donald to be so bad-tempered. 🔊 There is an urgent need for someone to tackle this problem. 🔊 Here is a chance for everyone to learn new skills. 🔊 There’s nothing worse than for a parent to ill-treat a child. 🔊 It was too far for her to walk in high-heeled shoes.20 →for each/every21 →something is not for somebody22 →it is (not) for somebody to do something23 →if it wasn’t/weren’t for somebody/something24 →that’s/there’s somebody/something for you!25 →be (in) for it
Examples from the Corpus
for• He placed an order for 200 copies.• Daniel's been complaining of a stomachachefor a couple of days.• a checkfor a hundred dollars• Alison is looking for a job.• I've known Kim for a long time.• I hadn't seen Tim for a while, and I was surprised by how much weight he'd gained.• "How long did you live in Spain?" "Oh, for about three years."• Are the Gardiners coming fordinnertonight?• I get £35 for each shift, plustips.• Amelia worked for Exxon until last year.• I'm babysittingfor Jo on Friday night.• For more information, write to the address below.• How many people votedfor Mulhoney?• I made an appointmentforOctober 18th.• For someone who is supposed to have very good taste, Jo wears some strangeclothes.• He writes for the "Washington Post".• I only worked there for three months.• I usually leave for work at 7:30.• I have a presentfor you.• Congratulations! I'm really happyfor you.for doing something• Mia got a ticket for driving through a red light.be all for (doing) something• The daredevil group, on the contrary, led by my cousin Ahmad, was all for meeting her.• But it was all for naught, anyway.• But in the end it was all for nothing, because I got pregnant anyway.• And it was all for nothing.• But steelworkers, desperate, unemployed, do not know any of this: they think it is all forreal.• Terry was all for starting at once with the twenty dollars I had left.• He was all for the idea, and we exchanged addresses.• That will be all fortoday.for somebody/something to do something• I left my coatfor it to be cleaned.• It's unusual for it to be so cold in June.• He must have had some bad newsfor him to be so quiet.• It's too difficult for me toexplain.• There's nothing worse than for a parent tohit a child.• It's easyfor a computer to keep a record of this information.• The plan is for us to leave on Friday to pick up Joe.• The cat is too high in the treefor me toreach her.• The dolphin was near enough for me to reach out and touch it.forfor2 ●●○ conjunction formal 🔊 🔊 ALBECAUSEused to introduce the reason for something syn because 🔊 I cannot tell whether she is old or young, for I have never seen her. 🔊 He found it increasingly difficult to read, for his eyesight was beginning to fail.