English version

Duvalier, François

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary EnglishDuvalier, FrançoisFrançois DuvalierDu‧val‧i‧er, Fran‧çois /duːˈvælieɪ, djuː- $ ˌduːvɑːlˈjeɪ, ˈfrɑːnswɑː $ frɑːnˈswɑː/  (1907–71) the president of Haiti from 1957 to 1971. Known as ‘Papa Doc’, he ruled as a dictator and had a private army of soldiers called the Tontons Macoutes, who helped him to prevent any opposition to his government. He was famous for being very violent and cruel.
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