fur‧lough [uncountable and countable]
a period of time when a soldier or someone working in another country can return to their own country [= leave]:
a young soldier home on furlough
2 American English
a period of time when workers are told not to work, especially because there is not enough money to pay them [↪ layoff]:
workers forced to take a long, unpaid furlough
3 American English
a short period of time during which a prisoner is allowed to leave prison before returning:
Morton stabbed the man while on furlough.
—furlough verb [transitive] American English
280,000 federal workers have been furloughed.