ldoce_131_agaugegauge1 (also gage American English) /ɡeɪdʒ/ ●○○ noun [countable] 🔊 🔊 1instrumentTM an instrument for measuring the size or amount of somethingfuel/temperature/pressure etc gauge 🔊 The petrol gauge is still on full.2width/thickness a measurement of the width or thickness of something such as wire or metal 🔊 a 27-gauge needle 🔊 heavy-gauge black polythene3 →a gauge of something4railwayTTT the distance between the lines of a railway or between the wheels of a train 🔊 a standard gauge railwaybroad/narrow gauge (=with more/less than the standard distance between the rails)5gunPMW the width of the barrel of a gun 🔊 a 12-gauge shotgunCOLLOCATIONSNOUN + gaugea fuel gauge (also petrol gauge British English), gas gauge American English:The fuel gauge read a little over half full.a pressure gaugeHe checked the pressure gauge on the oxygen cylinder.a temperature gaugeThe oil temperature gauge was twice its normal reading.a depth gaugeA depth gauge is essential for telling you how deep you are when diving.verbscheck the gaugeSteve checked the oil gauge.the gauge shows somethingThe gauge showed an abnormal increase in radiation.the gauge reads something (=it shows something)The petrol gauge read empty.
gaugegauge2 ●○○ verb [transitive] 🔊 🔊 1MEASUREto judge how people feel about something or what they are likely to dogauge whether/what/how etc 🔊 It is difficult to gauge what the other party’s next move will be. 🔊 I looked at Chris, trying to gauge his reaction.2TMto measure or calculate something by using a particular instrument or method 🔊 The thermostat will gauge the temperature and control the heat.→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
gauge• If champions are gauged by their ability to win tough fights, Marco Antonio Barrera has quite a future.• When all the figures are available, it should be possible to gauge how much we'll need to spend.• They hope to find ways to gauge the effectiveness of drug rehabprograms.• Use a combinationsquare to gauge the location and depth of the cutout.• He is testing, trying to gauge the mind of the jury.• Recentpolls have gauged the president's support at 85% or more.• Bingham says they're ones for the future but how can we gauge their potential on a substitutes' bench.• Pieper tried and failed to get hold of the outfits to brief them and to gauge their reaction.• She stands there tapping that thermometer against her wrist watch, eyes whirring while she tries to gauge this new man.• Indeed, sitting through the replay it was difficult to gauge whether it was live or not.• Often sessions would include psychologicaltestsdesigned to gaugeworkers' personalitytraits: extroverted, introverted, thoughtful, or driving.gauge whether/what/how etc• One way to gauge how effectively the message is getting through is to look at the numbers.• Why is the White House fretting and sending emissaries to gauge what he really wants?• It is not so easy to gauge what his emphasis on the book's Wagnerian aspect really implied.• Indeed, sitting through the replay it was difficult to gauge whether it was live or not.• This she did, gauging how much was left in the glass by the amount in the other glasses.• In Maine, people gauge whetherspring has arrived not by groundhogs, but by skunks.• It relies on textbooks, repetitiveproblem-solving and drills to gauge what students know.• And try to gauge whether the company is well-managed by checking its balancesheet and talking to experts about its business prospects.From Longman Business Dictionarygaugegauge1 /geɪdʒ/ verb [transitive]1to measure how people feel about something or the effect that something is likely to have on themThe magazine commissioned research to gauge opinions on how British industry is meeting its environmental responsibilities.extensive testing togauge consumerreactions2to calculate what is likely to happen in the future, using a particular method or set of figuresUS retail sales will help gauge how the economy is faring.The building society hopes to gauge the likely demand for each property before the auction starts.→ See Verb tablegaugegauge2 noun [countable]1a measurement of how people feel about something or the effect that something is likely to have on themThe survey is an important gauge of attitudes and aspirations among college freshmen.2ECONOMICSa method or set of figures that helps to calculate what is likely to happen in the futureThe government’s economic forecasting gauge rose for the fifth month in a row.