English version

Orwell, George

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary EnglishOrwell, GeorgeGeorge OrwellOr‧well, George /ˈɔːwel $ ˈɔːr-/ 🔊 🔊 (1903–50) the pen name (=name used by a writer instead of his/her real name) of Eric Blair, a British writer best known for his novels animal farm and nineteen eighty-four, which are both about political systems in which ordinary people have no power, and are completely controlled by the government. Both novels have had a great influence on the way people think about and write about politics, and political systems like those described in the books are sometimes called Orwellian. Orwell also fought on the Republican (left-wing ) side in the Spanish Civil War.
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