From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishinin1 /ɪn/ ●●●S1W1 preposition1IN/INSIDEused with the name of a container, place, or area to say where someone or something isThere’s some sugar in the cupboard.My mother was in the kitchen.He took us for a drive in his new car.I found her sitting up in bed.Manson spent fifteen years in prison.a hole in the groundMr Fisher is in Boston this week.My parents live in New Zealand now.2into a container, place etcI never went in pubs.He almost drowned when he fell in the river.You can put your pyjamas in the bottom drawer.Get in the car.She looked in her handbag, but her keys were not there.3TALK TO somebodyWRITEused to say how something is done or happensa room furnished in the modern styleHer parents always talk to her in German.She shouted my name in a harsh voice.a short note scribbled in pencilThe title was printed in capital letters.We waited in silence.4TIME/AT A PARTICULAR TIMEused with the names of months, years, seasons etc to say when something happensShaw first visited Russia in 1927.Bright yellow flowers appear in late summer.He retired in October.5DURINGduring a period of timeIt was amazing how much we managed to do in a day.the hardest decision I ever made in my lifeGrammar• You say: I got a card from my sister this morning. I hope to go to Europe next summer.✗Don’t say: in this morning | in next summer• You say: The group meets three times a month.✗Don’t say: three times in a month• You can say in one week, month etc when emphasizing how often something happens: He was stopped for speeding three times in one month.
6AFTERat the end of a period of timeI’ll be with you in a minute.The results will be announced in two weeks’ time.► see thesaurus at after7PERIOD OF TIMEused with negatives or with ‘first’ to say how much time has passed since the last time something happenedI haven’t enjoyed myself so much in years.It was the team’s first win in eighteen months.8IN/INSIDEused to name the book, document, film etc where something or someone appearsYou shouldn’t believe everything you read in the newspapers.Which actress starred in the film ‘Cleopatra’?There are a few mistakes in your essay.In his speech, Professor Leary praised the work of the volunteers.9making up the whole of something or included as part of somethingThere are twelve programmes in the series.How many minutes are there in an hour?Think of a word with eight letters in it meaning ‘cold’.Owen will be playing in the England team tomorrow.10JOB/WORKdoing or affecting a particular kind of joba career in industryHe’s been in politics for fifteen years.reforms in education
11WEAR CLOTHESwearing somethingHe looked very handsome in his uniform.She was dressed in a blue linen suit.12used to talk about the state or situation of something or someoneI hear that their marriage is in trouble.The engine appears to be in good condition.His life was in danger.The castle now lies in ruins.13used to say what activity a group of people doAbout 4,000 students took part in the protest.his role in the negotiations14used to talk about the shape, arrangement, or course of something or someoneI want you all to stand in a circle.She slept curled up in a ball.Can you walk in a straight line?15HMNUMBERused between a smaller number and a larger number to say how common or how likely something isOne in ten homes now has cable TV.Smokers have a one in three chance of dying from their habit.
16used before a plural number or amount to say how many people or things are involved, or how many there are in each groupEggs are still sold in half dozens.The children work in pairs.in their hundreds/thousands etc (=in very large numbers)People flocked in their thousands to greet their new princess.17used between a smaller number or amount and a larger one to say what a rate isIncome tax stands at 23 pence in the pound.a hill with a gradient of one in six18used to say what colour something is or what it is made ofDo you have the same pattern in blue?a sculpture in white marble19CONNECTED WITHused to say what specific thing your statement is related toMilk is very rich in calcium.Clark had become more extreme in his opinions.an increase in fuel pricesThe street is about a mile in length.20used to refer to the weather or the physical conditions somewhereI’ve been standing in the rain for over an hour.Would you prefer to sit in the shade?
21SHOW A FEELING OR ATTITUDEused to say what feeling you have when you do somethingShe looked at me in horror.It was all done purely in fun.22RELATIONSHIPused before the name of someone or something when you are saying how they are regardedYou have a very good friend in Pat.In Dwight D. Eisenhower the Republicans had found the ideal candidate.23used to say what person or thing has the quality you are mentioningThere was a hint of spring in the air.I don’t think Freddy had it in him to be a killer.She’s everything I’d want in a wife (=she has every quality I would want a wife to have).24used to name the substance, food, drink etc that contains somethingVitamin D is found in butter.25used to say how many parts something is divided intoa radio serial in four partsin two/halves/pieces etcI tore the letter in two and threw the pieces in the fire.
26while doing something or while something is happening, and as a result of thisIn all the confusion, it is quite possible that some people got tickets without paying.In my excitement, I forgot all about the message.in doing somethingIn trying to protect the queen, Howard had put his own life in danger.27 →in that28 →be in your 20s/30s/40s etc → in allat all1(11)
inin2 ●●●S1W1 adverb1IN/INSIDEinto or inside a container, place, vehicle etc opp outEric held the boat steady while the children got in.He went to the ticket machine and put a coin in.She dived in and swam out to the yacht.2HEREinside or into a building, especially your home or the place where you work opp outCome in and sit down.I’m afraid Mr Stewart won’t be in until tomorrow morning.We’re staying in this evening.3ARRIVEif a train, boat, or plane is in, it has arrived at a station, airport etcOur train’s not in yet.When’s her flight due in?4ARRIVEgiven or sent to a person or organization to be dealt with by themAll entries must be in by next week.Letters have been pouring in from all over the country.Have you handed your essay in yet?5PROVIDEif you write, paint, or draw something in, you add it in the correct placeFill in your name and address on the form provided.The information is typed in by trained keyboarders.6DSif a player or team is in during a game of cricket, they are batting (bat)7DSif a ball is in during a game, it is inside the area where the game is being played opp outAgassi’s second serve was just in.8if a politician or a political party is in, they have been electedLabour recorded its highest vote ever, but the Tories got in again.9MIDDLEtowards the centre syn inward(s)The map had started to curl in at the edges.10TTWwhen the tide is in, the sea by the shore is at its highest level opp outThe tide was in, and the sea lapped against the harbour wall.11 →be in for something12 →be in for it13 →be/get in on something14 →be in with somebody15 →be in at the beginning/start (of something) → have (got) it in for somebodyat have2(41)
Examples from the Corpus
in• What time does his bus get in?• Don't write out cheques to your adviser - always make them payable to the company you're investingin.• Nothing remained that had not been ripped, smashed or kickedin.• Her second serve was just in.• She pushed the box toward me so that I could put my money in.• Should we wait out here, or should we go in?• Long hair is in again.• Alistair rushed in as we hoard the record loudly scraped off the turntable.• Your final papers have to be in by Friday.• Jody puts Jess in, hoping her intensity will spark some-thing.• The Republicans are in now, but for how long?• We need to make plans for next week, so are you in or out?• Can you colorin this picture of a teddy bear for me?• You're never in when I call.• Ms. Shaewitz isn't in yet this morning.• Her flight's not in yet.• Write in your name and address at the bottom.inin3 adjectiveinformalFASHIONABLEfashionable opp outRed is definitely the in colour this year.Long skirts are in at the moment.I joined the club because it seemed the in thing to do.► see thesaurus at fashionable
Examples from the Corpus
in• Gstaad is the in place to go skiing in winter.• Cycling to work has become the in thing to do.• Purple seems to be in this year.inin4 noun1 →the ins and outs of something2[singular] especially American English a way of getting the opportunity to do something or influence someoneThe job is pretty boring, but it’s an in to a career in publishing.inin5 British English, in. American English (plural in or ins)the written abbreviation of inch or inchesin-in- /ɪn/ prefixNOTthe opposite or lack of something syn not, → un-, il-, im-, ir-insensitive (=not sensitive)incautious (=not cautious)inattention (=lack of attention)
Examples from the Corpus
in-• income• inward• to insert somethingININthe written abbreviation of IndianaFrom Longman Business Dictionaryininwritten abbreviation for INCH or INCHES