English version

incur

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishincurin‧cur /ɪnˈkɜː $ -ˈkɜːr/ ●○○ verb (incurred, incurring) [transitive] formal 🔊 🔊 1 SPEND MONEYif you incur a cost, debt, or a fine, you have to pay money because of something you have doneincur expenses/costs/losses/debts etc 🔊 If the council loses the appeal, it will incur all the legal costs. 🔊 the heavy losses incurred by airlines since September 11th2 GETif you incur something unpleasant, it happens to you because of something you have doneincur somebody’s displeasure/wrath/disapproval etc 🔊 She wondered what she’d done to incur his displeasure this time.→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
incurThe auto manufacturer incurred a $843.6 million loss in 1990.We have increased housing support grant so that all local authorities that incur a deficit in running a hostel will qualify for grant.The force of that competition is indicated by the costs that firms incur and the fees that they charge clients.If you incur bank charges, some banks operate a slightly cheaper tariff for direct debits because they are more easily handled.We have calculated a $ 3 per household recommendation to offset these additional costs incurred during the holidays.In addition, the legal expenses incurred in the dispute between the partners were incurred to protect and preserve the partnership's assets.Because of this possibility, shareholders will have to incur monitoring costs or agency costs to ensure that managers behave properly.So the maintenance costs are incurred on the vehicle itself, and not the track.They also have incurred some important injuries, including the loss of first-string quarterback Steve Young for several games.incur expenses/costs/losses/debts etcThe alternative, allowing individuals or individual committees to operate without supervision, would also incur costs.During the quarter, Verio began to incur costs associated with the previously announced expansion of its hosting operations.Mr Davila incurred losses of more than $ 170 million in his 1993 copper trading.Abbey National investors were forced to incur costs selling their shares.An individual farmer can produce good farm-saved seed only by incurring costs very close to the price of certified seed.
From Longman Business Dictionaryincurin‧cur /ɪnˈkɜː-ˈkɜːr/ verb (incurred, incurring) [transitive] FINANCEif you incur a cost, a debt, or a fine, you do something that means that you lose money or have to pay moneyThe foundry has been operating at less than 50% capacity and has incurred significant operating losses.The costs incurred in planning each month run to several thousand dollars.→ See Verb table
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Verb table
incur
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theyincur
he, she, itincurs
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyincurred
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave incurred
he, she, ithas incurred
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad incurred
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill incur
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have incurred
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam incurring
he, she, itis incurring
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you, we, theyare incurring
Past
I, he, she, itwas incurring
you, we, theywere incurring
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been incurring
he, she, ithas been incurring
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been incurring
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be incurring
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been incurring
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