English version


From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishinjuryin‧ju‧ry /ˈɪndʒəri/ ●●● S3 W2 AWL noun (plural injuries)  1 [countable, uncountable]INJURE a wound or damage to part of your body caused by an accident or attack She was taken to hospital with serious head injuries. injury to The driver of the truck suffered injuries to his legs and arms. Beckham has missed several games through injury (=because of injury). He’s a lawyer who specializes in personal injury claims.2 [uncountable] law damage to someone’s reputation, career, or feelingsinjury to He says that the allegations caused serious injury to his reputation. add insult to injury at add(8)COLLOCATIONSADJECTIVES/NOUN + injuryseriousThe injury wasn’t serious.terrible (=very bad)Some of the victims suffered terrible injuries.fatal (=that kills someone)Fortunately, his injuries weren’t fatal.minorA man was treated in hospital for minor injuries.permanentThe brain can be affected by permanent injury after a serious accident.a nasty injury (=quite bad)Fairground rides can cause some nasty injuries.a head/leg/shoulder etc injuryHe suffered a shoulder injury while playing rugby.a spinal injury (=an injury to the spine)The injured boy is being treated for a spinal injury.a facial injury (=an injury to the face)I was offered treatment for my facial injuries.a sports injury (=one you get while doing sport)She has vast knowledge of treating sports injuries.an industrial injury (=one that happens at work)He was the victim of an industrial injury.internal injuries (=injuries inside your body)He was coughing blood, a sign that he had internal injuries.multiple injuries (=large number of injuries at the same time)She had multiple injuries and a fractured skull.verbshave an injuryTom was OK, and had just a few minor injuries.suffer an injuryHe suffered a serious leg injury in a motorcycle accident.get an injury informal (=suffer an injury)He couldn’t take the chance of getting an injury.sustain/receive an injury formal (=suffer an injury)She sustained an injury to her hip.treat an injuryThe injury was treated at the local hospital.recover from an injuryIt took her six months to recover from the injury.escape/avoid injuryTwo workmen narrowly escaped injury when a wall collapsed.cause an injuryThe injury was caused by flying glass from the car windscreen.inflict an injury on somebody formal (=make someone have an injury)Jenkins was accused of inflicting a head injury on one of his former colleagues.do yourself an injury British English informal (=accidentally hurt yourself)Be careful with that knife or you’ll do yourself an injury.an injury happens/occursThe injury occurred five minutes into the game.phrasesbe prone to injury (=often get injuries)She was rather prone to injury and often missed matches as a result.injury + NOUNinjury problems British English:He suffered injury problems throughout his career as a footballer.THESAURUSinjury damage to part of your body caused by an accident or an attackThe passengers were taken to hospital with minor injuries.wound an injury, especially a deep cut in your skin made by a knife, bullet, or bombHe died of a gunshot wound to the head.cut a small injury made when a sharp object cuts your skinBlood was running from a cut on his chin.bruise a dark mark on your skin that you get when you fall or get hitJack often comes home from playing rugby covered in bruises.graze/scrape a small injury that marks your skin or breaks the surface slightlyShe fell off her bike and got a few grazes on her legs and knees.gash a long deep cutHe had a deep gash across his forehead.bump an area of skin that is swollen because you have hit it against somethingHow did you get that bump on your head?sprain an injury to your ankle, wrist, knee etc, caused by suddenly twisting itIt’s a slight sprain – you should rest your ankle for a week.strain an injury to a muscle caused by stretching it or using it too mucha muscle strain in his neckfracture a crack or broken part in a bonea hip fracture
Examples from the Corpus
injuryMorrison had to undergo surgery on an injury to his left knee.The policy covers injury suffered on the job.Ten passengers were lucky to escape injury when their train was derailed last night.The glass roof collapsed onto the crowd, causing horrific injuries.Unfortunately, she had to withdraw from the game because of a leg injury.Our insurance provides cover in the case of illness or injury.Wearing a helmet may protect you from serious injury.He suffered serious injuries in the car crash, and died on the way to hospital.
From Longman Business Dictionaryinjuryin‧ju‧ry /ˈɪndʒəri/ noun (plural injuries) [countable, uncountable]1physical harm to a person, for example in an accidentMr. Lewis was awarded $75,000 as compensation for injuries suffered in the accident.absence from work due to illness or injury criminal injury industrial injury personal injury repetitive strain injury work-related injury2when a person or organization is made to suffer in some wayinjury toDonovan claimed he suffered serious injury to his professional and personal reputation.
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