Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

jump

1 verb
     
jump
Related topics: Motor Vehicles
jump1 S2 W3
1

upwards

a) [intransitive] to push yourself up into the air, or over or away from something etc using your legs:
How high can you jump?
jump over/across/onto etc something
He jumped over the wall and ran off.
Fans were jumping up and down (=jumping repeatedly) and cheering.
jump clear (of something) (=jump out of danger)
We managed to jump clear of the car before it hit the wall.
b) [transitive] to go over or across something by jumping:
He jumped the gate, landing on the concrete.
2

downwards

[intransitive] to let yourself drop from a place that is above the ground:
The cats jumped down and came to meet us.
jump from/out of/onto etc something
Three people saved themselves by jumping from the window.
3

move fast

[intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to move quickly or suddenly in a particular direction [= leap]
jump up/back/in etc
Matt jumped up to answer the phone.
We all jumped in a taxi.
She jumped to her feet and left.
4

in fear/surprise

[intransitive] to make a quick sudden movement because you are surprised or frightened:
Marcia jumped. 'What's that noise?'
Sorry, I didn't mean to make you jump (=surprise or frighten you).
Don't shout. I nearly jumped out of my skin (=was very shocked or frightened)!
5

increase

[intransitive] to increase or improve suddenly and by a large amount
jump (from ...) to something
Profits jumped to £2.6 million last year.
Norway jumped from ninth to third place.
! Do not say that an amount, level, price etc 'jumps up'. Say it jumps.
6

keep changing

[intransitive and transitive] to change quickly and often from one idea, place, position etc to another - used to show disapproval
jump from something to something
Cathy kept jumping from one topic to another.
jump about/around (something)
I've been jumping about the file instead of working straight through it.
7

miss a stage

[intransitive and transitive] to move suddenly to a further part of a book, discussion, leaving out the part in between:
I'm afraid I jumped a couple of chapters.
jump to
The movie suddenly jumped ahead to the future.
8

machine

[intransitive]T if a machine or piece of equipment jumps, it moves suddenly because something is wrong with it:
Why does the video keep jumping like this?
9

attack

[transitive] informalSCC to attack someone suddenly:
Somebody jumped him in the park last night.
10

jump to conclusions

to form an opinion about something before you have all the facts:
There may be a simple explanation. Let's not jump to conclusions.
11

jump the gun

to start doing something too soon, especially without thinking about it carefully
12

jump for joy

to be extremely happy and pleased
13

jump down somebody's throat

informal to suddenly speak angrily to someone
14

jump the queue

British English to go in front of others who are already waiting in a line - used to show disapproval queue-jumping
15

jump through hoops

to do a series of things that are difficult or annoying, but that are necessary in order to achieve something:
We had to jump through hoops to get our visas in time.
16

jump ship

TTW
a) to leave an organization that you are working for, especially in order to join another:
The best employees jumped ship at the first opportunity.
b) to leave a ship on which you are working as a sailor, without permission
17

jump bail

SCL to leave a town, city, or country where a court of law has ordered you to stay until your trial1 (1)
18

jump to it!

spoken used to order someone to do something immediately
19

(go) jump in a lake!

spoken used to rudely tell someone to go away
20

jump the rails

British English jump the tracks American English if a train jumps the rails, it suddenly goes off the metal tracks it is moving along
21

jump a light

also

jump the lights

to drive through red traffic lights without stopping
22

jump a train

especially American EnglishTTT to travel on a train, especially a freight train, without paying
23

car

[transitive] American EnglishTTC to jump-start a car
24

sex

[transitive] spoken not polite to have sex with someone

jump at something

phrasal verb
to eagerly accept the chance to do something:
I jumped at the chance of a trip to Hong Kong.

jump in

phrasal verb
to interrupt someone or suddenly join a conversation:
Lena quickly jumped in with a diverting remark.

jump on somebody

phrasal verb
to criticize or punish someone, especially unfairly
jump on somebody for
He used to jump on me for every little mistake.

jump out at somebody

phrasal verb
if something jumps out at you, it is extremely noticeable, often in a way you do not like:
I don't like jewellery that jumps out at you.

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