English version

margin

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishmarginmar‧gin /ˈmɑːdʒɪn $ ˈmɑːr-/ ●●○ AWL noun [countable] 🔊 🔊 1 TCNEDGEthe empty space at the side of a page 🔊 Someone had scribbled a note in the margin. 🔊 Use double spacing and wide margins to leave room for comments.see thesaurus at edge2 WINthe difference in the number of votes, points etc that exists between the winners and the losers of a competition or electionby a wide/narrow/significant etc margin 🔊 They’re a world-class team and it was no surprise that they won by such a wide margin.by a margin of 10 points/100 votes etc 🔊 The bill was approved by a margin of 55 votes.3 PROFITthe difference between what it costs a business to buy or produce something and what they sell it for 🔊 Margins are low and many companies are struggling. 🔊 Within 10 years they had a gross profit margin of 50%.4 [usually singular] an additional amount of something such as time, money, or space that you include in order to make sure that you are successful in achieving something 🔊 It’ll take about 30 minutes to dry but I’d allow a safety margin of, say, another 10 minutes.5 margin of error6 margin for error7 technical or literaryEDGE the edge of something, especially an area of land or water 🔊 the western margin of southern Africa8 on the margin(s)COLLOCATIONSMeaning 1: the empty space at the side of a pageadjectiveswideThe margin should be wider.narrow (=not wide)The margins are very narrow, making the page look cluttered.a generous margin (=wide)Leave a generous margin at the side of the page.the right-hand margin (=on the right of the page)There were some notes written in the right-hand margin.the left-hand margin (=on the left of the page)All typing begins at the left-hand margin.verbsleave a marginThe teacher told us to leave a margin wide enough for him to write corrections.set the margins (=make them a particular size)Set the margins to have one inch on each side.COLLOCATIONSMeaning 2: the difference in the number of votes, points etc that exists between the winners and the losers of a competition or electionadjectivesa large/big marginBy a large margin, the book sold more copies than any other this year.a huge margin (=a very big one)They won the championship by a huge margin.a small marginVisitors from other parts of Scotland exceeded foreign visitors by only a small margin.a narrow margin (=a very small one)The proposal passed, but only by a narrow margin.verbswin by a large/small etc marginThe party won by a huge margin.lose by a large/small etc marginHe lost by only a narrow margin.
Examples from the Corpus
marginBy early 1986 margins had narrowed.The supermarkets then found that they could charge bigger margins on goods that were peripheral to their core business, processed foods.Considerable margins of uncertainty are associated with the best-fit climate sensitivities identified in an analysis of this type.The desired margin size is a positive function of the volatility of futures prices.an eight-goal margin of defeatSomeone had written a note in the left-hand margin.The poll, which showed Forbes leading Dole by a 31-22 percent margin, figured that 27 percent of independents would vote.In size and significance, if not charm, Sydney has won out by a small margin.There were notes pencilled in the margin.The program sets the margins automatically.She widened the margins so her essay would look longer.The margin of error for the study was plus or minus 5 percentage points.in the marginThe Masonic books I inherited from him were well marked and annotated in the margins, in his handwriting.Each element, he wrote, must be honest, and Goldberg, in the margin, each element: honest.Eradicate anxiety, he wrote, and Goldberg, in the margin, anxiety.Excuses, wrote Goldberg in the margin of his typescript with a felt-tip pen, an end to excuses.Read your story through carefully; each time you come across a transferable skill write it in the margin at the right.Scribe across the panel then saw it to size and nail in the margin.There were some penciled notes in the margin.In addition, many times references within the main part of the text were made to important points presented in the margins.by a wide/narrow/significant etc marginKennedy won the election by a narrow margin.So far, its return has outpaced the Gfund and Ffunds by a wide margin.This beats even the great Bobby Fischer by a wide margin.But voters are preferring other candidates to Gramm by wide margins.So Weinke took the Heisman by a narrow margin and Heupel is anything but a loser.The initiative passed by a wide margin, but initial court rulings have enjoined its enforcement.The Diconix was the slowest of the tested printers, by a narrow margin.Surprise! the seventh firm won the tender by a narrow margin.profit marginThe foodequipment business had a profit margin of 7. 1 % in 1994, with a strong performance from Hobart.As a result, corporate cash flows have been expanding apace, and profit margins have improved.And the new interest rate rise could wipe out retail businesses who have cut profit margins to the bone to survive.The health ministry has fixed the pharmacists' profit margin at 10 %.He also claimed interest rate profit margins had declined over the past year.Price cuts failed to boost sales so profit margins have been slashed.Francis noted that strong profit margins and a committed, rock-solid management team were the key elements for a successful start-up.Their profit margin is enormous and their revenues increase every year.safety marginAnother effect of the flare is to wind up the blade speed which helps to give a greater safety margin.
From Longman Business Dictionarymarginmar‧gin /ˈmɑːdʒənˈmɑːr-/ noun1[countable, uncountable]ACCOUNTING the difference between the price that something is sold for and the cost of producing or buying it. A margin is usually calculated as a percentage of the price that something is sold for, unlike a MARK-UP which is calculated as a percentage of the cost of producing or buying itPrices and margins were down as a result of the recession.margin onThe margin on canned soup is 15% to 20%.a high-margin product.The car division, suffering from weak sales and tight margins (=very small ones), made an operating loss. gross margin net interest margin net margin operating margin profit margin2on marginFINANCE if you buy shares or other investments on margin, you buy them with borrowed moneyIndividuals trading on margin sustained heavy losses during last year’s stock price declines.
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