English version

mass

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Related topics: Physics
massmass1 /mΓ¦s/ ●●○ S3 W3 noun πŸ”Š πŸ”Š 1 large amount a) [countable]HPLOT/LARGE NUMBER OR AMOUNT a large amount of a substance which does not have a definite or regular shape πŸ”Š The food had congealed into a sticky mass.mass of πŸ”Š a high mass of rock b) [countable usually singular]LOT/LARGE NUMBER OR AMOUNT a large amount or quantity of somethingmass of πŸ”Š a huge mass of data c) masses of something British English informalLOT/LARGE NUMBER OR AMOUNT a large amount of something, or a lot of people or things πŸ”Š Masses of books covered every surface in the room.2 crowd [singular]CROWD a large crowdmass of πŸ”Š There was a mass of people around the club entrance. πŸ”Š The road was blocked by a solid mass of protesters.β–Ί see thesaurus at group3 β†’ the masses4 β†’ the mass of people/the population/workers etc5 church ceremony (also Mass) a) [countable, uncountable] the main ceremony in some Christian churches, especially the Roman Catholic Church, which celebrates the last meal that Jesus Christ ate πŸ”Š What time do you go to mass?morning/evening/midnight etc Mass πŸ”Š Will I see you at morning Mass?say/celebrate Mass (=perform this ceremony as a priest) β†’ High Mass b) [countable] a piece of music written to be performed at the ceremony of mass πŸ”Š Mozart’s Mass in C minor6 science [uncountable] technicalHP the amount of material in something πŸ”Š The Sun makes up 99.9% of the mass of our solar system. β†’ critical mass
Examples from the Corpus
massβ€’ A mass of people stood before the courthouse.β€’ A mass of bodies scrambled over the shelves, everybody was shouting at one another and books were being thrown in all directions.β€’ Aerobic exercise and reduced-calorie diets produce weight loss, but reduce the resting metabolic rate because they do not maintain muscle mass.β€’ The bus station was a seething mass of people.β€’ Balustraded verandas surmounted each level, and a succession of towers projected from the mass of the building.β€’ What would he say of the masses of modern art that you have to plug in in order to fully appreciate?β€’ The mass is apparently about right, and the Z o has appeared at just the right frequency.β€’ Soon afterwards, as in the Western Middle Ages, there were masses of peasant serfs, and great feudal States.solid massβ€’ The drained curd, now a solid mass, is turned out of the muslin and the really hard work of milling begins.β€’ To the Gaijin rear Jotan's five hundred were a solid mass cutting off the line of retreat.β€’ The hygroscopic mixture got damp; when the humidity went down again it caked into an intractable solid mass.β€’ Walls can be cut half-way down or at either side to form dividing slabs rather than solid masses.β€’ It was wild, looking at the solid mass of people and then looking.say/celebrate Massβ€’ Having made that decision, he found he could once again say Mass.β€’ Ask him to be so kind as to come here and say Mass tomorrow morning.β€’ One such male priest conducted a ritual of purification of a church after a woman priest had celebrated Mass there.β€’ Why tear the church apart sO you can see the priest say Mass?β€’ Catholic community that celebrated Mass each Sunday in a chapel on the campus of Georgetown University.β€’ I wasn't able to say Mass.β€’ From about the twelfth century and until the Council, every priest was expected to say Mass separately each day.
massmass2 ●●○ W3 adjective [only before noun] πŸ”Š πŸ”Š PERSON/PEOPLEinvolving or intended for a very large number of people πŸ”Š a mass protest πŸ”Š weapons of mass destruction πŸ”Š the problem of mass unemploymentmass marketing/entertainment etc πŸ”Š a mass marketing campaign πŸ”Š Email has made mass mailings possible at the touch of a button.
Examples from the Corpus
massβ€’ Annie has a degree in mass communications.β€’ mass destructionβ€’ Frankish soldiers commit a terrible mass execution of defiant Saxons at Verden.β€’ a mass graveβ€’ Today, just a few years after musical compact discs hit the mass market, the long box is history.β€’ Daily newspapers are now becoming popular, providing the first phase of what will later become known as the mass media.β€’ The mass payback continues to improve with each additional mission.β€’ In spite of local differences, modern mass society was beginning to appear.β€’ Air travel was growing rapidly, while the role of mass transit on the ground was shrinking almost everywhere.β€’ At the Pavilion in Bournemouth there was a mass walk out of about 200 disgusted people.mass marketing/entertainment etcβ€’ What had arrived now really was mass entertainment.β€’ It provided a vocabulary for the mass marketing of hippies.β€’ In the process it invented mass entertainment, the 10-lane freeway and smog.
massmass3 verb [intransitive, transitive] πŸ”Š πŸ”Š TOGETHERto come together, or to make people or things come together, in a large group syn gathermass (something) behind/along/in etc something πŸ”Š Western reports say that troops have been massing in the region since December. πŸ”Š grey clouds massing behind the mountains πŸ”Š Both countries have massed troops along the border.β†’ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
massβ€’ The animals which fought there gave little heed to defence; they massed around them and tried to engulf them.β€’ Large numbers of women massed behind a single women's rights issue.β€’ Most of our archers were massing in the gatehouse, shooting at those trying to force an entry.β€’ According to some reports both countries then began massing troops in the region.
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Verb table
mass
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theymass
he, she, itmasses
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theymassed
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave massed
he, she, ithas massed
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad massed
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill mass
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have massed
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam massing
he, she, itis massing
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you, we, theyare massing
Past
I, he, she, itwas massing
you, we, theywere massing
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been massing
he, she, ithas been massing
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been massing
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be massing
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been massing
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