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much

1 adverb
     
much1 S1 W1
1 by a great amount
much better/greater/easier etc
Henry's room is much bigger than mine.
These shoes are much more comfortable.
I'm feeling very much better, thank you.
much too big/old etc
He was driving much too fast.
much the best/most interesting etc British English
It's much the best way to do it.
2
a) used to ask or talk about the degree of a difference
how much older/smaller etc
She kept weighing herself to see how much heavier she was getting.
b) used to ask or talk about how big an additional amount of something is
how much more/longer/further
How much longer do we have to wait?
How much further is it?
c) used to emphasize the difference you are mentioning
how much better/nicer/easier etc
I was surprised to see how much better she was looking.
How much better life would be if we returned to the values of the past!
3 used to talk about a strong feeling or something that is done often
how/however much
You know how much I care about you.
I think you have to accept the pain, however much it hurts.
He talks too much.
We're looking forward to your visit so much.
Thank you very much!
much loved/admired/discussed etc
The money will buy much needed books for the school.
4

not ... much

a) only a little or hardly at all:
'Did you enjoy it?' 'No, not much.'
She isn't much younger than me.
Tony hasn't changed much in the last ten years.
b) used to say that something does not often happen:
We don't go to the theatre much any more.
Kids don't play outside as much as they used to.
little3 (2)
5

much like something/much as

also much the same (as something) used to say that something is very similar to something else:
The house was very much as I'd remembered it.
The taste is much like butter.
Plants are classified in much the same way as animals.
6

much to somebody's surprise/embarrassment etc

formal used to say that someone feels very surprised, embarrassed etc when something happens:
Much to my relief, the conversation turned to another topic.
7

much less

used to say that a greater thing is even less true, likely, or possible than the thing you have just mentioned:
The shelves were lined with books which neither Hugo nor Sally would ever open, much less read.
8

much as

although:
Much as I like Bob, I wouldn't want to live with him.
9

not so much...as...

used to say that one description of someone or something is less suitable or correct than another:
She was not so much nervous as impatient for the journey to be over.

➔ so much the better

at better3 (2)

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