English version

name

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishnamename1 /neɪm/ ●●● S1 W1 noun  1 of a personNAME OF A PERSON [countable] what someone is called Her name is Mandy Wilson. What’s your last name?by the name of something (=called something) He married a young lady by the name of Sarah Hunt.under the name (of) something (=using a different name from your real name) HH Munro wrote under the name Saki.2 of a thing or place [countable] what a thing, organization, or place is calledname of What’s the name of the street? The name of the company has changed.name for Edo was the ancient name for Tokyo. The flower’s common name (=name that is used by ordinary people, not its scientific name) is forget-me-not.see thesaurus at word3 reputation [singular]REPUTATION the opinion that people have about a person or organization syn reputation He didn’t want to do anything to damage the good name of the company. The restaurant got a bad name for slow service. They give the rest of the fans a bad name. The company has a name for reliability.make your name/make a name for yourself (=become famous for something) He quickly made a name for himself in the Parisian art world.clear your name (=prove that you did not do something bad or illegal)see thesaurus at reputation4 famous person/company/product [countable] informalFAMOUS a person, company, or product that is very famous or is known by many peoplebig/famous/household name some of the biggest names in show business It made the company into a household name (=a very well-known person or thing).see thesaurus at star5 call somebody names6 in somebody’s name/in the name of somebody7 something has somebody’s name on it8 in the name of religion/freedom/science etc9 have something to your name10 the name of the game11 cannot put a name to something12 take somebody’s name in vain13 in name only/alone14 in all/everything but name15 somebody’s name is mud drag somebody’s name through the mud at drag1(10), → pen nameCOLLOCATIONSMeaning 1: what someone is calledverbshave a nameAll their children have French names.give somebody a nameThey gave their children unusual names.use a name (=tell people that you have a particular name)She may be using a false name.take a name (=choose to have a new name)Are you going to take your husband’s name when you get married?change your nameMany immigrants changed their names to seem more American.give (somebody) your name (=tell someone your name, especially someone in an official position)I gave my name to the receptionist.know somebody’s nameHis first name is Tom, but I don’t know his last name.use somebody’s name (=say their name when speaking to them)I didn’t know him well enough to use his first name.call somebody’s name (=say someone’s name loudly, to get their attention)He called Jean’s name, but there was no answer.sign your nameSign your name here, please.phrasescall somebody by their first/full etc name (=use that name when you speak to them)Everyone called him by his first name.go by the name of ... (=be called something by people, often when that is not your real name)As he had long red hair, he went by the name of Red.know somebody by name (=know their name)The headteacher knew all the children by name.greet somebody by name (=use someone’s name when you see them)The waiter greeted him by name.THESAURUSfirst name (also given name especially American English formal) the name chosen for you by your parentsPeople usually call each other by their first name.Please write your given name and your date of birth.Christian name old-fashioned first nameHis Christian name was Joseph. last name/family name/surname the name that you share with your family or husband. Most English speakers would say last name. Surname sounds slightly formalCan I have your last name?Johnson is a common English family name.At school they used to call each other by their surnames.middle name the name between your first and last namesHarry Potter’s middle name is James. full name your first name, middle name, and last nameI need your full name and address.maiden name a woman’s family name before she married and began using her husband’s nameMy mother’s maiden name was Higgins.married name a woman’s family name after she gets married, if she uses her husband’s nameI don’t know what her married name is.nickname a name that people call you because of your appearance, personality etc, which is not your real nameAt school he was given the nickname ‘Shorty’. stage name the name that an actor uses which is not their real nameShe began acting in her childhood under the stage name Marjorie Moore.pen name (also pseudonym formal) a name that a writer uses which is not their real nameMark Twain was his pen name. His real name was Samuel Clemens.She wrote under the pseudonym of George Eliot.under an assumed name using a false name in order to hide your real nameHe had rented the car under an assumed name.alias /ˈeɪliəs/ a false name, especially one used by a criminalHe uses a number of aliases.appellation formal a name which describes something – a very formal useThis fine city justifies its appellation ‘the Pearl of the Orient’.sobriquet formal a nickname – a very formal useJackson gained the sobriquet ‘Stonewall’ at the Battle of Bull Run.COLLOCATIONSMeaning 3: the opinion that people have about a person or organizationadjectivesa good nameThe company wants to maintain its good name.a bad nameMost students feel that both boys and girls deserve a bad name if they sleep around.verbshave a name (for something)They have a name for good quality food.make your name (also make a name for yourself) (=become famous for something)He made a name for himself as a conductor of the Berlin Orchestra.clear your name (=prove that you have not done something bad or illegal)She was determined to clear her name.give somebody/something a bad name (=make someone or something have a bad reputation)A scandal like this could give the university a bad name.
Examples from the Corpus
nameThis man has a name for making tough business deals.Marks and Spencer have made a name for themselves as a producer of high quality goods at reasonable prices.Any name that was on the list was there because Nikos had put it there.Teenagers tend to get a bad name for being moody.She didn't mention you by name, but I'm sure it was you she was talking about.The Chinese name for this plant means "cat's ears".If you are not ready to print the form letter, save it under a different name.I was wondering if you know this guy Wilkinson, I forget his first name.Ayrton Senna's full name was Ayrton Senna da Silva.He's a determined man and he values his good name.She must have written to Laura without signing her name.Her name was Martha.His name is Raymond Ford.The village of Furnace got its name from the local industries of silver and iron smelting.Would the funds get new names?I can't even recall how I ended up with Derek - if that was his real name.I'm not very good at remembering people's names.I've forgotten the name of the street where she lives.I can't remember the name of the island.The names came after a studio competition.The doctor will call your name when he is ready to see you.under the name (of) somethingChong Lo was convicted of income-tax evasion in the late 1980s under the name of Esther Chu.When he died in 1984, his son succeeded him under the name Samuel.They announced yesterday that they have signed a letter of intent to merge under the name Comarco International Inc.He sold the chain, which operated under the name Upscale Food Outlets, to Mortensen for an undisclosed amount.Here again it is a famous question whether what Flavius Josephus and Eusebius quote under the name of Hecataeus is authentic.Thus, under the name of trusts, equitable rights in land grew up again and flourished.It is offered in the trade under the name S. pusilla or S. natans.He travelled under the name of Green.good namePower-sharing had a good name in the West.Agnes is a good name for a peculiar child.It is doing so in a way that does not give wind a good name.Rodin was a skilful salesman of his work, making careful use of photography in establishing and maintaining his good name.There is, nevertheless, much hurt in the school at the wholly unwarranted campaign against its good name.I just want the opportunity to restore my good name.Belis is a really good name.Not fully understanding all the implications of our warrant, they feared having their good name too closely associated with it.Woe to him whose good name is more to him than goodness!big/famous/household nameNo doubt about it, no doubt at all: Davis was going to be a big, big name.The 13 stocks the first issue touts are anything but household names.I hope that the Minister will do all that he can to protect that most famous name in the industry.By rights this guy should be alongside the big names of the scene; technically he is a wizard.The Boat Show has long attracted the big names.However, beyond the big names there are some excellent specialists out there.When I got out of Hunter early I tried for the big name colleges.The biggest names in golf are gathering for the national championship.Artists will range from school choirs to household names.
namename2 ●●● S2 W2 verb [transitive]  1 give somebody a nameNAME OF A PERSON to give someone or something a particular namecallname somebody John/Ann etc We named our daughter Sarah.name somebody/something after somebody/something (=give someone or something the same name as another person or thing) He was named after his father. The street is named after the famous South African leader, Nelson Mandela.name something for somebody/something American English (=give something the same name as a person or thing) The college is named for George Washington.a man/woman etc named something (=someone with a particular name) some guy named Bob DylanRegisterIn everyday English, people usually say someone or something is called something rather than named something:He had a friend called Mick.2 say somebody’s or something’s nameNAME OF A PERSONNAME OF A THING to say what the name of someone or something is, especially officially The two murder victims have yet to be named.name somebody as something The woman who was shot has been named as Mary Radcliff. She has secret information and is threatening to name names (=name the people who were involved in something, especially something bad or illegal). They’re a lot better than some airlines I could name.name and shame British English (=say publicly who is responsible for something illegal that has happened, or who has not achieved a particular standard)3 choose somebodyCHOOSE to officially choose someone or something, especially for an important job or prizename somebody/something (as) something The film was named best foreign film. Quinn has been named as the new team manager.name somebody to something American English Fitzgerald was named to the committee by the chairman.4 to name but a few/a handful/three etc5 you name it (they’ve got it)!6 name the day/date7 name your price→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
nameThe editor of "The Times" has resigned amid a political storm. His successor has not yet been named.Our sources spoke on condition that they not be named.Bill was named after his father.In 1570, the Marquis's son, also conveniently named Alberigo, inaugurated the use of gunpowder in quarrying.The magazine has named Bonnie Fuller as deputy editor.Ron has a cat named Chicken.We are naming Dr Bob McClure head of the IRC in China.The new building is going to be named for Ronald Reagan.On 31 August Sukarno named his Cabinet.He would not name his clients.We named our daughter Sarah.Have they named the baby yet?Police have named the dead woman as Annabel Thomas.She refused to name the father of her child.The form should name the registered proprietor in full.Can you name this tune?It named Thomas Ashmore president of the top-10-market organization, which will be based in Dallas.Potter's wife is unknown, but he had a brother-in-law named Thomas Fowle in Boston prior to the civil war.McCarthy was recently named to the Small Business Committee.a man/woman etc named somethingIt was a man named Arthur Billstock.The story of a man named Charles, with whom 1 worked, illustrates the point.The president of the Local was a man named Phil Cyprian, who had a crush, it seems, on Mussolini.One of his linguistics professors, a man named Samuel Goldstein, had helped him understand the consequences of that simple fact.In groping for useful precedents, one could do worse than heed the tale of a man named Sherwood Rowland.First you are looking for a man named Svend - then it is your sister.Its only remaining inhabitant, a woman named Wah Wah, is cooking rice in a hut in the afternoon downpour.In accepting the honor, Nicklaus knelt before a vice chancellor of the university, a man named Watson.name namesI won't name names, but there are many gay people in the music industry.They named names and gave dates.We talked about lovers and we named names.If you don't give me the money, I'm going to start naming names.Someone -- I won't name names -- has been caught stealing from the stores.But she mentioned the stash-for-cash deals, and she kept a little record, and she named names.Holly asked Rain whether Sniffy had named names yet and she admitted getting nothing from him.I have not named names because there are so many individuals but you all know who you are.I needn't even name names.Once again, he did not name names.People knew each other well in the Connecticut Valley, and Edwards fittingly named names.name somebody to somethingBrown named him to the Supreme Court in 1981.
NameName noun  a member of Lloyd’s, the international group of insurance underwriters based in London. The Names are wealthy people who accept a financial risk in an insurance contract, and in return for this they usually make large profits. Sometimes they can lose a lot of money when events happen which affect insurance companies, such as serious accidents involving ships or planes, or severe weather conditions that cause a lot of damage.
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Verb table
name
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theyname
he, she, itnames
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theynamed
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave named
he, she, ithas named
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad named
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill name
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have named
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam naming
he, she, itis naming
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you, we, theyare naming
Past
I, he, she, itwas naming
you, we, theywere naming
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been naming
he, she, ithas been naming
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been naming
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be naming
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been naming
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