English version

nation

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Related topics: Nationality & race
nationna‧tion /ˈneɪʃən/ ●●● S3 W2 noun [countable] 🔊 🔊 1 SANCOUNTRY/NATIONa country, considered especially in relation to its people and its social or economic structure 🔊 the president’s radio broadcast to the nation 🔊 an independent nation 🔊 the world’s leading industrial nationssee thesaurus at country2 SANa large group of people of the same race and language 🔊 the Cherokee nationCOLLOCATIONSadjectivesa great/powerful nationThe United States is the most powerful nation in the world.an independent/sovereign nation (=one that rules itself, rather than being run by another country)Countries that were once colonies of Britain are now independent nations.an industrial/industrialized nationThe rich industrial nations dominate the global economy.a developed/advanced nation (=one that has many industries)In the developed nations, many students go on to university.a developing/emerging nation (=one that is starting to have more industry)Food shortages are often a problem in developing nations.a rich/wealthy nationMost tourists come from the wealthy nations of the world.a poor nationThe high cost of medicines in poor nations prevents many citizens from receiving health care.verbslead a nationHe led the nation out of a depression and into a period of growth and prosperity.face a nationThere are many problems facing our nation.unite a nation (=make everyone in a country agree)The crisis seemed to unite the nation.divide a nation (=make people in a nation disagree)The war has divided the nation.shock a nation (=make everyone in a nation feel shocked)This terrible crime has shocked the whole nation.
Examples from the Corpus
nationWe are a nation of both great wealth and terrible poverty.Earlier maps had underestimated the distances to other continents and exaggerated the outlines of individual nations.Representatives from the world's leading industrial nations will meet in Geneva.industrialized nationsJapan has become one of the richest nations in the world.The possibility of resistance lay in an appeal to the sovereign nation in the form of the mob.Now, with the morning Times on breakfast tables across the nation, the news was out.For a host of reasons, the nation today has much for which to be thankful.The President's speech to the nation lasted about ten minutes.But this cautious, adroit, enigmatic leader seemed for long to be very much what the nation and the times required.Statistics show that there are three million women in this nation supporting themselves in the crowded cities of the East.
From Longman Business Dictionarynationna‧tion /ˈneɪʃən/ noun [countable] a country, considered especially in relation to its people and its social or economic structureThe treaty was signed by 22 nations.Developing nations want to be sure they’re not locked into low standards of living.Annual exports of coffee-producing nations fell to $6.5 billion.the nation’s largest bank creditor nation most-favored nation
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