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Nicholas II

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary EnglishNicholas IINicholas II /ˌnɪkələs ðə ˈsekənd/  (1868–1918) the Tsar (=ruler) of Russia from 1894 to 1917. His opposition to change led to the Revolution of 1905 and eventually to the russian revolution of 1917, in which he was forced to abdicate (=give up his position). He and his family were shot in 1918. see also Rasputin, Grigori
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