From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishofof /əv, ə; strong ɒv $ əv, ə strong $ ɑːv/ ●●●S1W1 preposition1used to show what a part belongs to or comes fromthe back of the housethe last scene of the moviethe end of the day2OWNused to show who something or someone belongs to or has a connection witha friend of Mark’sAvocado salad is a favourite of mine.Product inspection is the responsibility of the employees themselves.3used when talking about a feature or quality that something hasthe cost of the mealthe beauty of the scenerythe length of the swimming pool4XXused to show what group one or more things or people belong tosome of the students‘Sunflowers’ is one of his best-known paintings.Two of the guests are vegetarian.a member of the baseball team5XXused to show what type of substance or thing you are referring to, when talking about an amounttwo kilos of sugarmillions of dollarsa bar of chocolate
6used to say what something containsa cup of coffeeseveral packets of cigarettestruckloads of refugees7GROUP OF PEOPLEGROUP OF THINGSused to say what type of things or people are in a groupa herd of elephantshis circle of friendsa bunch of bananas8XXa)used to state specifically which thing of the general type mentioned you are referring tothe city of New Yorkthe art of paintingthe problem of unemploymentb)used to state specifically what a particular number, amount, age etc isat the age of 52an increase of 3%9DOused to talk about things produced by a famous or skilledwriter, artist etcthe plays of Shakespearethe paintings of Picassothe work of a great architect10ABOUTused to say what a story, some news etc is about, or what a picture, map etc showsa story of love and lossnews of his arresta photo of Elizabetha map of Indonesia
11a)used after nouns that refer to actions, or to people who do something, in order to show who or what the action is done tothe cancellation of the meetingthe killing of innocent childrensupporters of the projectb)used after nouns that refer to actions in order to show who or what does the actionthe ringing of the phonethe arrival of a visitor12used after some adjectives that describefeelings, to show who or what the feeling is directed towardsHe’s always been frightened of spiders.Most children want their parents to feel proud of them.13HAPPENused when referring to the day, moment etc when something happenedthe day of the accidentthe week of the festivalI was at home at the time of the murder.14PLACEused to say where something is in relation to a place or thingnorth/south etc of somethinga historic seaside town 99 km south of Londonto the left/right of somethingTo the left of the sofa is a table.I live within a mile of here.15DESCRIBEused to describe a person or thing by saying what their main qualities or features areAlbright was seen as a woman of great determination.It’s an area of considerable historical interest.
16used to say what someone’s age isHe has two children, a boy of 12 and a girl of 15.17 →it is kind/stupid/careless etc of somebody (to do something)18COME FROM/ORIGINATEused to say where someone comes fromthe people of ChinaJesus of Nazareth19used to show the country, organization, or group in which someone has a particular positionKing Philip II of Spainthe secretary of the tennis club20used in dates before the name of the monththe 27th of July21used to say when something happenedthe presidential election of 1825one of the biggest upsets of recent years
22American English spoken used in giving the time, to mean ‘before’ syn to British EnglishIt’s a quarter of seven (=6.45).23CAUSEused to show the cause of someone’s deathHe died of cancer.24literaryTYPE used to say what material has been used to make somethinga dress of pure silk25 →of an evening/of a weekend etcGRAMMAR: Possessives• The usual way to say that something belongs to someone, or that someone is connected with someone, is by using -’s. You say: Tom’s cara child’s bikemy sister’s boyfriend✗Don’t say: the car of Tom | the bike of a child | the boyfriend of my sister• You use –s’ after a plural noun ending in ‘s’: a teachers’ meeting• You use of mine/yours/his/hers/ours/theirs when talking about one of several people or things belonging to or connected with someone: a friend of oursa habit of mine• You use by when saying who sang, wrote, or painted something: a song by Jay-Z✗Don’t say: a song of Jay-Z