English version


From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishonon1 /ɒn $ ɑːn, ɒːn/ ●●● S1 W1 preposition  1 ON/ON TOP OFon a surface a) touching a surface or being supported by a surface Leave your things on the table over there. People were sunbathing on the grass. The little girl was sitting on her father’s shoulders. b) used to say that someone or something moves so that they are then touching or supported by a surface snow falling on the mountainsides He threw himself on the bed.2 supporting your body used to say what part of someone’s body is touching the ground or another surface and supporting their weight She was on her feet in no time. He was on his hands and knees searching for something. Can you stand on your head?3 part hit/touched used to say what part of someone or something is hit or touched I wanted to punch him on the nose. Matt kissed her on the cheek.4 written/shown used to say where something is written or shown There’s a diagram on page 25. He wrote his phone number on a piece of paper.5 CONNECTED WITHSUPPORT/HOLD UPattached attached to or hanging from something She hung her coat on a hook. Dogs must be kept on a lead at all times.6 place in a particular place The town is right on the border. Is there a water supply on the island? He grew up on a ranch in California. a store on Fifth Avenue7 DIRECTIONposition in a particular position in relation to something else You’ll see the school on your left. They live on the opposite side of the town.8 looking/pointing looking or pointing towards something or someone His eyes were on the stranger standing in the doorway. She trained her binoculars on the house.9 TIME/AT A PARTICULAR TIMEday/date during a particular day They’ll be here on Tuesday. I was born on July 1st. We’ll see you on Christmas Eve.GrammarDon’t use on before ‘this’, ‘last’, or ‘next’ and a day of the week. You say: Term starts this Monday. It was my birthday last Friday. Don’t say: on this Monday | on last Friday10 EFFECT/INFLUENCEaffecting/relating to affecting or relating to someone or something a tax on cigarettes his influence on young people There will be new restrictions on the sale of weapons. What effect will these changes have on the tourist industry?11 aboutABOUT about a particular subject Do you have any books on India? You can get information on local services by calling this number. an international conference on global warmingsee thesaurus at about12 orders/advice as a result of someone’s order, request, or advice He was killed on the King’s orders. I accepted the offer on the advice of my lawyer.13 eat/drink used to talk about what someone usually eats or drinks They live mainly on beans, lentils, and rice. Is your baby on solid food yet?14 TTTRAVELtransport a) in or into a bus, train, plane etc opp off Did you manage to sleep on the plane? Tommy should be on the six o’clock train. She got on the first bus that came along. b) riding something a statue of the King on horseback I’ll probably come on my bike.15 DFmoney receiving money for a job or as a regular payment He’s on quite a good salary now. She must be on at least £50,000 a year. the difficulties faced by families on low incomes16 fuel using a particular type of fuel or power Most buses run on diesel. Does it work on mains electricity?17 MDmedicine/drugs taking a particular drug or medicine regularly opp off Are you still on antibiotics? The doctor put her on Prozac. A lot of these kids are on heroin by the age of 12.18 what’s somebody on?19 using equipment using a machine or piece of equipment He’s been on the computer all afternoon. Is Rachel still on the phone?20 musical instruments playing a musical instrument He played a short piece on the piano. The album features Rick Wakeman on keyboards.21 TCTAMTradio/television being broadcast by radio or television What’s on TV tonight? Did you hear that programme on the radio last night?22 recorded used to say in what form information is stored or music, films etc are recorded The movie is now available on video and DVD. I always keep a backup copy on disk.23 TRAVELactivity/journey taking part in an activity or travelling somewhere She’s on a course all this week. I met him on vacation in Canada. My girlfriend is often away on business trips.24 SSODSincluded included in a group or team of people or in a list Are you still on the management committee? Mr Edwards is no longer on the staff here. Whose team are you on? There was no steak on the menu. What’s the next item on the agenda?25 when something happens formalIMMEDIATELY as soon as someone has done something or as soon as something has happened Couples are presented with a bottle of wine on their arrival at the hotel. All patients are examined on admission to the hospital.on doing something What was your reaction on seeing him?26 compared with somethingCOMPARE compared with another person or thing This essay is a definite improvement on your last one. Sales are 10% up on last year.27 carrying something informalHAVE if you have something on you, you have it in your pocket, your bag etc I don’t have any money on me.28 be on somebody29 telephone number used to say what number you should use in order to telephone someone syn at American English You can contact me on this number.30 causing somebody problemsBREAK used when something bad happens to you, for example when something you are using suddenly stops working, or someone you have a relationship with suddenly leaves you Suddenly the telephone went dead on me. Dorothy’s first husband walked out on her.
Examples from the Corpus
ona book on 19th century English LiteratureDid you make these graphs on a computer?Didn't Jim grow up on a farm?a book on ChinaAren't you coming here on Christmas Day?Did you call dad on Father's Day?Finding parking on Main Street is impossible.Dinner's on me tonight.Granddad lives on meat and potatoes.Don't put your feet on my desk!a lecture on Native American customs and folkloreAre you doing anything special on Saturday night?Did you see that programme on South Africa last night?Four bottles of wine were standing on the shelf.Harry's the guy sitting on the sofa there.Hal's on the swim team and the basketball team.El Paso is located on the U.S.-Mexico border.Could you give some advice on what to wear?Do you have any ideas on where to eat tonight?Could you stop by the store on your way home?on doing somethingOn hearing the news of the air attack most foreigners headed for the border.
Related topics: Theatre
onon2 ●●● S1 W1 adjective, adverb [not before noun]  1 CONTINUE/NOT STOPcontinuing used to say that someone continues to do something or something continues to happen, without stopping We decided to play on even though it was snowing. He went on and on (=talked for a very long time) about his job all evening.2 FORWARDfurther if you move, walk etc on, you move forward or further towards something If you walk on a little, you can see the coast. We drove on towards Manchester.3 BEFOREAFTERlater later than or after a particular time Now, 40 years on, this is one of the most successful theatres in the country. From that moment on I never believed a word she said.4 DCCwearing somethingWEAR CLOTHES if you have something on, you are wearing it All he had on was a pair of tattered shorts. Put your coat on. It’s freezing outside.5 attached used to say that something is attached to something else, especially when it is in the correct position opp off Is the cover on properly? Remember to put the lid back on.6 written used to say that something is written somewhere He was wearing a badge with his name on.7 TTENTERtransport in or into a bus, train etc opp off The train stopped and two people got on.8 ON/SWITCHED ONlight/machine if a machine, light etc is on, it is operating opp off Who left all the lights on? The TV’s on, but nobody seems to be watching it. He sat down at the desk and switched on the computer.9 TCBTELEVISION/RADIObeing broadcast if a radio or television programme etc is on, it is being broadcast What time is ‘Star Trek’ on?10 HAPPENevents if an event is on, it has been arranged and is happening or will happen opp off The transport union has confirmed that the strike is definitely on. I’d avoid the city centre – there’s some kind of procession on. Is the party still on tonight or have they cancelled it?11 APTperforming/speaking performing or speaking in public You’re on in two minutes.12 working if you are on at a particular time, you are doing your job at that time I’m not on again until two o'clock tomorrow.13 have something on14 on and off15 be/go/keep on at somebody16 be/go/keep on about something17 be not on18 be on for something19 you’re on onto
Examples from the Corpus
onYou should visit Chicago while the festival is on.OK, who left the lights on?Rick was standing there with nothing on.I sent Dan on ahead to find us seats at the theater.Put your shoes on, and let's go.There's a good comedy on at eight.I usually get on at Irving Street.As far as we know, the game is still on for tomorrow.Let's go on. I want to get home before it gets dark.You're on in two minutes.on and onI could go on and on but you already got more than you probably wanted out of this answer.I hope, I really hope, that this will not drag on and on and on.I went on and on at her: draw me, draw me, draw me, Mummy!It goes on and on that way for two solid months, like a sixty-day trance-like a contact high.She goes on and on and on.The high blue summer weather goes on and on and by mid-afternoon it's hot up here under the leads.The war may well just go on and on.Yet the pump runs on and on, its noise now a constant accompaniment to their once-quiet lives.
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