penaltypen‧al‧ty /ˈpenlti/ ●●○W3 noun (plural penalties) [countable] 🔊 🔊 1SCLPUNISHa punishment for breaking a law, rule, or legalagreement 🔊 No littering. Penalty $500. 🔊 Withdrawing the money early will result in a 10% penalty.penalty for 🔊 The penalty for a first offense is a fine.severe/stiff/heavy penalty 🔊 Drug dealers face severe penalties. 🔊 If he is convicted, he could receive the death penalty (=be killed as a punishment).► see thesaurus at punishment2UNPLEASANTsomething bad that happens to you because of something you have done or because of the situation you are inpenalty of (doing) something 🔊 One of the penalties of being famous is the loss of privacy. 🔊 If you don’t do the job right, you will pay the penalty.3DSa disadvantage in sports given to a player or team for breaking a rule 🔊 Woodson received a penalty.4DSFa chance to kick the ball or hit the puck into the goal in a game of football, rugby, or icehockey, given because the other team has broken a rule 🔊 Townsend kicked a penalty (=in a rugby game) in the last minute. 🔊 Leeds were awarded a penalty.COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 1: a punishment for breaking a law, rule, or legal agreementADJECTIVES/NOUN + penaltya severe/stiff/heavy/tough/harsh penaltyThere were calls for stiffer penalties for killers of police officers.the maximum penaltyThe maximum penalty for the offence is now three years’ imprisonment.a financial penaltyParents who fail to prevent their children committing crimes are to face heavy financial penalties.the death penalty (=the punishment of being killed)If convicted, they face the death penalty.verbsa crime carries a penaltyMurder carries a minimum penalty of 15 years in prison.impose a penaltySevere penalties are imposed for election fraud.face a penaltyHe faces a maximum penalty of 10 years’ imprisonment.COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 4: a chance to kick the ball or hit the puck into the goal in a game of football, rugby, or ice hockey, given because the other team has broken a ruleverbstake a penalty (=in football or soccer)Why did they let Jones take the penalty?kick a penalty (=in rugby)Jon Bland kicked a penalty to make it 6–3.miss a penaltyHe missed that penalty against France.score a penaltyBilly Dodds scored a penalty for Rangers after 55 minutes.award/give (a team) a penaltyThe referee awarded Bradford a penalty in the final minute.