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Sense: 1
Origin: Old English pal, from Latin palus; PALE3
Sense: 2-5
Date: 1300-1400
Language: Latin
Origin: polus, from Greek polos

pole

1 noun
     
pole1 W3 [countable]
1

stick/post

D a long stick or post usually made of wood or metal, often set upright in the ground to support something:
a telephone pole
2SG the most northern or most southern point on a planet, especially the Earth:
the distance from pole to equator
the North/South Pole
Amundsen's expedition was the first to reach the South Pole.
3

be poles apart

two people or things that are poles apart are as different from each other as it is possible to be:
Both are brilliant pianists, though they're poles apart in style.
4

opposite ideas/beliefs

one of two situations, ideas, or opinions that are the complete opposite of each other
at a/one/opposite poles
We have enormous wealth at one pole, and poverty and misery at the other.
Washington and Beijing are at opposite poles (=think in two completely different ways) on this issue.
5

electrical

a) HP one of two points at the ends of a magnet where its power is the strongest
b) HPE one of the two points at which wires can be attached to a battery in order to use its electricity

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