Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1300-1400
Language: French
Origin: présumer, from Latin praesumere, from sumere 'to take'

presume

verb
     
Related topics: Law
pre‧sume S3
1 [transitive] to think that something is true, although you are not certain [= assume]:
Each of you will make a speech, I presume?
'Are his parents still alive?' 'I presume so.'
presume that
I presume we'll be there by six o'clock.
presume somebody/something to be somebody/something
From the way he talked, I presumed him to be your boss.
be presumed to do something
The temple is presumed to date from the first century BC.
2 [transitive]SCL to accept something as true until it is shown to not be true, especially in law [= assume]:
We must presume innocence until we have evidence of guilt.
be presumed dead/innocent etc
Their nephew was missing, presumed dead.
3 [intransitive] formal to behave without respect or politeness by doing something that you have no right to do
presume to do something
I would never presume to tell you what to do.
4 [transitive usually in present tense] formal to accept something as being true and base something else on it [= presuppose]:
The Ancient History course presumes some knowledge of Greek.
presume that
I presume that someone will be there to meet us when we arrive.
5

presume on/upon somebody's friendship/generosity etc

to unfairly ask someone for more than you should, because they are your friend, are generous etc:
It would be presuming on his generosity to ask him for money.

Dictionary pictures of the day
Do you know what each of these is called?
What is the word for picture 1? What is the word for picture 2? What is the word for picture 3? What is the word for picture 4?
Click on any of the pictures above to find out what it is called.

Explore our topic dictionary