English version

presumption

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishpresumptionpre‧sump‧tion /prɪˈzʌmpʃən/ ●○○ AWL noun 🔊 🔊 1 [countable]THINK SO/NOT BE SURE something that you think is true because it is very likelypresumption that 🔊 the presumption that their wealth is the result of crimeon the presumption that 🔊 On the presumption that the doctor knows best, I took the medicine.2 [countable, uncountable] lawTHINK SO/NOT BE SURE the act of thinking something is true, bad, or good until it is shown to not be true, bad, or goodpresumption of 🔊 the presumption of innocencepresumption against/in favour of 🔊 a strong presumption against development in national parks3 [uncountable]RUDE/IMPOLITE formal behaviour that seems rude and too confident 🔊 She was enraged by his presumption.
Examples from the Corpus
presumptionStill, there is always a presumption against its intending to do so.She'd like to meet this Parr, to make her own assessment, although she mocked herself because of her presumption.We have seen how law and theory unite to provide a list of excuses which rebut the normal presumption of voluntariness.Again, we see the surprisingly pervasive role that presumptions of contextual appropriateness play in successful communication.But it had the presumption to concern myself.But there is already much evidence to support the presumption that the effect was pervasive.the presumption of innocenceThe current emphasis in the psy sector is heavily weighted toward presumption of neurological or genetic deficit.presumption thatBut inherent in the diagnostic procedure is a presumption that defective embryos will be discarded.Throughout the whole of competition policy there is a presumption that intervention is justified in order to preserve the public interest.The conclusion can be justified in other ways than simply the prima facie presumption that 45 percent looks too large.His presumption that, through her body, a woman signifies inferiority, rests on a mistaken biology.We would argue for a mild presumption that this sufficient condition is likely to be met.Instead there operates a rebuttable presumption that the defendant did base his trades on the information in his possession.We sent in troops with the presumption that they would only stay a year.Indeed there is also an underlying presumption that adulthood itself confers competency as a research participant.presumption ofProfit forecasts are based on the presumption of a steady rise in sales.
From Longman Business Dictionarypresumptionpre‧sump‧tion /prɪˈzʌmpʃən/ noun [countable, uncountable]LAW the act of thinking that something is true because it seems very likely, although there is no proofThe amendment would create a legal presumption.presumption ofThe claims against the company will be dismissed without any presumption of liability by the defendants.
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