From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishputput /pʊt/ ●●●S1W1 verb (past tense and past participle put, present participle putting) [transitive]1move to place [always + adverb/preposition]PUT to move something to a particular place or position, especially using your hands syn placeHe put the coffee on the table.Where did you put the programmes? → see Thesaurus box on 0000002change somebody’s situation/feelings [always + adverb/preposition]CHANGE/MAKE something DIFFERENT to make someone be in a situation or have a feelingDon’t put yourself into a situation you can’t handle.put somebody in a good/bad etc mood (=make them feel happy/annoyed etc)The long delay had put us all in a bad mood.I don’t want to put you in danger.Pit closures have put thousands of miners out of a job (=made them lose their job).put somebody in control/command/charge etc (=give someone authority over a group, activity, or organization)His boss resigned and Murphy was put in charge.Politics puts me to sleep.A knee injury put him out of action for three months.3write/print somethingWRITE to write or print something or to make a mark with a pen or pencilput something in/on/under etc somethingPut your name at the top of each answer sheet.put something to somethingHe put his signature to the contract (=he signed it to show he agreed with it).► see thesaurus at write4express [always + adverb/preposition]EXPRESS to say or write something using words in a particular wayput something well/cleverly/simply etcThe question was well put.So it was an accident, an ‘act of God’ if you want to put it like that.When women joined the organization, it ‘took on a new look', as news reports put it.It is hard to put into words (=express) how I feel now.He’s not very musical, to put it mildly (=he’s not musical at all).We get on each other’s nerves, to put it bluntly (=to say exactly what I mean).It’s fairly risky. Or to put it another way (=say it in different words), don’t try this at home.The subject matter makes the painting a little, how shall I put it (=how can I say it politely?), undesirable for public display.5 →put a stop/an end to something6 →put something into action/effect/practice7ask/suggestSUGGEST to ask a question or make a suggestion, especially to get someone’s opinion or agreementput a proposition/proposal/case etc to somebodyHe put the proposal to his wife.put something before somebodyThe budget was put before the board of directors.Can I put a question to you?I put it to you that this proposal has to be considered.8 →put something right9 →put somebody straight/right10 →put something straight11make somebody/something do something to make someone or something work or do something, or to use ita scheme to put unemployed people to work on government construction projectsIf you have a spare room, put it to work for you – take in a lodger.Computer games are being put to use in the classroom.We put 15 rain jackets to the test (=we tested them).
12have importance/quality [always + adverb/preposition]ORDER/SEQUENCE to consider something as having a particular level of importance or qualityput somebody as/among/in etc somethingA recent poll put Dr Martens among the world’s top thirty designer labels.put somebody/something before somebody/somethingSome companies put profit before safety.put somebody/something first/second etcThe job’s important to him, but he puts his family first.13send somebody somewhere [always + adverb/preposition]PUT to arrange for someone to go to a place, or to make them go thereput somebody in (something)The company is putting in new management.Pneumonia put him in the hospital for a week.Put the boys to bed around eight o'clock.14 →put somebody on a train/plane etc15 →put paid to something16 →I wouldn’t put it past somebody (to do something)17 →put somebody to trouble/inconvenience18 →put it there19throwDSO to throw a shot (=a heavymetalball) in a sportscompetition → put your finger on somethingat finger1(4), → put your foot downat foot1(13), → put your foot in itat foot1(15), → put the record straightat record1(11), → put something to (good) useat use2(4), → put your back into itat back2(19)COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 4: to say or write something using words in a particular wayadverbswellSorry, I’m not putting it very well.simplyPut simply, our aim is to create art.succinctly (=using only a few words)A Russian economist put it most succinctly: ‘People do not care about carbon.’mildly (=in a way that is not extreme)His theory is controversial, to put it mildly.bluntly/crudely/plainly (=in a direct way that may offend people)I would put it more bluntly. I think you are wallowing in self-pity.delicately (=in a way that will not offend people)He had been drunk, or as Hilton delicately put it, ‘talkative’.cleverlyI didn't agree with her, but she put her argument so cleverly that I was almost persuaded.phrasesput something another wayThe dress was too small for me, or, to put it another way, I was too big for it.put something this/that wayLet me put it this way - she's not as young as she was.put something like that/this‘He's been completely irresponsible.’ ‘I wouldn’t put it quite like that.’put something into words (=say what you are feeling or thinking)She couldn’t put her feelings into words.how shall I/we put it? (=used before saying something in an indirect or polite way)Mr Lewis is now – how shall we put it? – hardly the influence he once was.
THESAURUSput to move something to a particular placeI’ve put the wine in the fridge.Where have you put my grey shirt?place to put something somewhere carefully‘It’s beautiful, ’ he said, placing it back on the shelf.lay to put someone or something down carefully on a flatsurfaceHe laid all the money on the table.She laid the baby on his bed.position to carefully put something in a suitable positionPosition the microphone to suit your height.Troops were positioned around the city.slip to put something somewhere with a quickmovementHe slipped his arm around her waist.Carrie quickly slipped the money into her bag.shove to put something into a space or container quickly or carelesslyShove anything you don’t want in that sack.I’ve ironed those shirts so don’t just shove them in a drawer.stick (also bung British English) informal to put something somewhere quickly or carelesslyI stuck the address in my pocket and I can’t find it now.Could you bung those clothes in the washing machine?dump to put something down somewhere in a careless and untidy wayDon’t just dump all your bags in the kitchen.People shouldn’t dump rubbish at the side of the street.pop informal to quickly put something somewhere, usually for a short timePop it in the microwave for a minute.thrust literary to put something somewhere suddenly or forcefully‘Hide it, ’ he said, thrusting the watch into her hand.to put something into a liquiddip to put something into a liquid for a very short time and take it out againShe dipped her hand in the water to see how hot it was.Prawns are delicious dipped in a spicy sauce.plunge to put something quickly, firmly, and deeply into a liquidPlunge the pasta into a pan of boiling water. I had to plunge my arm in up to the elbow to reach the keys.dunk to put something such as a piece of bread or cake into a hot drink or soup before eating itI love biscuits dunked in coffee.immerse to put something deep into a liquid so that it is completely coveredIf the plant’s leaves look dry, immerse the roots in water for a while.
COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 7: to ask a question or make a suggestion, especially to get someone’s opinion or agreementnounsput a question (to somebody)I will be putting that very question to her.put a proposition/proposal to somebodyI’ve a proposition to put to you.put a point to somebodyYou should put that point to the Chancellor.put a case (to somebody)He wanted to put his case to the full committee.phrasesput it to somebody thatI put it to him that what we needed was some independent advice.