Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1800-1900
Language: Late Latin
Origin: , present participle of recalcitrare 'to refuse to obey', from Latin calcitrare 'to kick', from calx 'heel'

recalcitrant

adjective
     
re‧cal‧ci‧trant formal
refusing to do what you are told to do, even after you have been punished [= unruly]:
a recalcitrant pupil
recalcitrance noun [uncountable]

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