retreatre‧treat1 /rɪˈtriːt/ ●○○ verb [intransitive] 🔊 🔊 1armyPM to move away from the enemy after being defeated in battle opp advance 🔊 The rebels retreated to the mountains. 🔊 They were attacked and forced to retreat.2move back writtena)BACK/BACKWARDSto move away from someone or something 🔊 He saw her and retreated, too shy to speak to her.retreat to/from/into etc 🔊 Perry lit the fuse and retreated to a safe distance. 🔊 It was not a conscious choice to retreat from public life.b)LESSif an area of water, snow, or land retreats, it gradually gets smaller 🔊 The flood waters are slowly retreating.3change your mindCHANGE YOUR MIND written to decide not to do something you were planning to do, because it was unpopular or too difficultretreat from 🔊 The Canadian government has retreated from a plan to kill 300 wolves.4quiet placeLEAVE A PLACE to go away to a place that is quiet or saferetreat from/into/to 🔊 After the noise of the city he was glad to retreat to his hotel room.5 →retreat into yourself/your shell/fantasy etc6finance technical if shares etc retreat, their value falls to a lower level→ See Verb table
retreatretreat2 ●○○ noun 🔊 🔊 1of an army [countable, uncountable]PM a movement away from the enemy after a defeat in battle opp advance 🔊 Napoleon’s retreat from Moscow 🔊 The rebel forces are in full retreat (=retreating very fast). 🔊 The bugler sounded the retreat (=gave a loud signal for retreat).2movement back [singular, uncountable]BACK/BACKWARDS a movement away from someone or somethingretreat from 🔊 Ten thousand years ago the ice began its retreat from Scotland.3 →beat a retreat4change of intention [singular, uncountable]CHANGE YOUR MIND when you change your mind about something because your idea was unpopular or too difficultretreat from 🔊 a retreat from hard-line policies5place [countable]PLACE a place you can go to that is quiet or safe 🔊 a country retreat6thought and prayer [countable, uncountable]RR a period of time that you spend praying or studying religion in a quiet placeon (a) retreat 🔊 I spent three weeks on retreat in Scotland.7finance [singular, uncountable] technical a situation in which the value of shares etc falls to a lower level
Examples from the Corpus
retreat• Stock prices turned downward today in a retreat led by IBM.• It appeared to represent a retreat in the face of internationalcriticism.• Today's statement represents a retreat from their previous position.• a retreat for writers and artists• They were forced to beat a hastyretreat and arrived at their rendezvous with Morris's patrol on time.• An army in retreat can be even more dangerous than one that is advancing.• Thereafter, the conventionalinsistence on the balancedbudget under all circumstances and at all levels of economic activity was in retreat.• The room was an intimateretreat from the rest of the house.• the presidentialretreat at Camp David• The soldiers made a strategicretreat.• Most of the Others were too paralyzed with fright to move; but some began a slow, stumblingretreat.• But the playroom is to be absorbed into the retreat and conferencecentre next year.• The retreat of Marxism has been paralleled by the ascendancy of the New Right.• And the other thing I think is, you need to get out of this retreatmode.in full retreat• He informed us that our brigade was to be the rearguard of the army, which was in full retreat.• Pope interpreted this movement to mean that the enemy were in full retreat.on (a) retreat• The prayeropposite was composed last year by deaconson retreat before they were ordainedpriests and missionaries.• The only trouble was this: the sepoys kept on bravely coming forward, while he and his men kept on retreating.• We called another time and they said they were all out on retreat.• Rain beats on the canvastent in which she is staying on a retreat with other Innu.• He hung up his sword and went on a retreat to Manresa, where he authoredSpiritualExercises in 1522.From Longman Business Dictionaryretreatre‧treat1 /rɪˈtriːt/ verb [intransitive]1journalismFINANCE if shares etc retreat, their value falls to a lower levelIn Frankfurt, share prices retreated as the market consolidated recent gains.The Dow Jones Industrial Average retreated 10.07 points to 11,199.46.2to decide not to continue with a plan, idea, agreement etc because it is too difficult or no longer worth doingJapanese buyers have retreated after paying huge prices for U.S. properties in the past.retreat fromLast week it became the latest corporate raider to retreat from a takeover contest.→ See Verb tableretreatretreat2 noun1[singular, uncountable] journalismFINANCE a situation in which the value of shares etc falls to a lower levelThe stock market retreat came just as crop prices were starting to recover.2in retreatCOMMERCE if a company, industry, market etc is in retreat, its performance is less good than beforeWith the Tokyostockmarket in retreat, the central bank is likely to be even more cautious about agreeing corporate loans.3[singular, uncountable] when someone decides not to carry out a plan, idea, agreement etc because it is too difficult or no longer worth doingretreat fromThe decision to return the company to profitabilitymarks a retreat from its fast-growth strategy.